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                  2. 四川党史文献网

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                    张树军:邓小平与中共十一届三中全会

                    来源:    时间:2019.2.11责任编辑:党史文献网

                    1978NIAN12YUE18RIZHI22RIZHAOKAIDEZHONGGONGSHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUI,SHIXIANLEDANGHEGUOJIALISHISHANGDEWEIDAZHUANZHE。QUANHUIZHIQIAN,11YUE10RIZHI12YUE15RI,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZHAOKAILEWEIQI36TIANDEGONGZUOHUIYI。ZHEIBENLAISHIYICIZHUYAOTAOLUNJINGJIGONGZUODEHUIYI,DANTUPOYUANDINGYITI,WEIRAODANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI,TAOLUNLERUOGANZHONGDAWENTI,WEISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIZUOCHUJUYOUSHENYUANYINGXIANGDEZHONGDAJUECE,SHIXIANLISHIZHUANZHE,ZUOLECHONGFENDEZHUNBEI。

                    ZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYINENGGOUTUPOYUANDINGYITI,DANGHEGUOJIADELISHINENGGOUZAISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUISHANGFASHENGZHUANZHE,GURANYOUZHESHENKEDESHEHUILISHIYUANYIN,YOUQILISHIBIRANXING,DANYUDENGXIAOPINGDEZHONGDAZUOYONGYESHIFENBUKAIDE。RUGUOMEIYOUDENGXIAOPINGZAIGUANJIANSHIKEDEZHIDAOHETUIDONG,ZHEILIANGCIHUIYIJIUBUKENENGJUYOUWEIDAZHUANZHEDEYIYI,ZHEICIWEIDADELISHIZHUANZHEYEJIUBUKENENGSHUNLIDAOLAI。

                    一、奠定思想基础

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                    KEGUANDIJIANG,FENSUI“SIRENBANG”HOU,YAORENMENLIJIDUI“WENHUADAGEMING”DECUOWUYOUQINGXINGDERENSHISHIBUXIANSHIDE。DANSHI,SUIZHEJIEPI“SIRENBANG”YUNDONGDESHENRU,RENMENDUI“WENHUADAGEMING”DECUOWULILUNYUSHIJIANZHUJIANYOUSUORENSHI,BINGJINGCHANGCHUJIMAOZEDONGWANNIANDECUOWUWENTI。DAOZHEISHI,LISHIXIANGRENMENTICHULEZHEIYANGDENANTI:YAOZONGJIEDANGDELISHIJINGYAN,CHEDIJIUZHENG“WENHUADAGEMING”DECUOWU,JIUBUNENGBUJIUZHENGMAOZEDONGWANNIANDECUOWU。ZHEISHIWENTIDEYIGEFANGMIAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,RUGUOYINWEIMAOZEDONGWANNIANDECUOWUERBUNENGZHENGQUEDIPINGJIAMAOZEDONGDELISHIDIWEIHEMAOZEDONGSIXIANG,NEIJIUHUIFOUDINGDANGHERENMINFENDOUDELISHI,YINERYEJIUWUFAZHENZHENGJIEJUEZHONGGUOXIANGHECHUQUDEWENTI。 RUHEJIEJUEZHEIGELISHINANTI,DANGSHIDANGNEICUNZAIZHELIANGZHONGBUTONGDESILU。

                    YIZHONGSHI“LIANGGEFANSHI”DESILU,YEJIUSHIZAIJIEPI“SIRENBANG”DETONGSHI,ZAIMAOZEDONGSHENGQIANDINGXIADE“SANQIKAI”DEKUANGJIANEI,BUFENDIDUI“WENHUADAGEMING”SHIJIANSHANGDEMOUXIECUOWUJINXINGYOUXIANDEJIUZHENG,DUI“WENHUADAGEMING”DELILUN、LUXIAN、FANGZHEN、ZHENGCEHEZHUTIBUFENDESHIJIANJILIWEIHU,DUIMAOZEDONGWANNIANDECUOWUZEBUXUCHUJI。ZHEIZHONGSILUZAISHIJIANZHONGDEFAZHANQUXIANG,JIBENSHANGHAISHI“YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANG”DELAOLU。

                    LINGYIZHONGSHISHISHIQIUSHIDESILU,YEJIUSHIJIGAOJUMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEQIZHI,ZHENGQUEPINGJIAMAOZEDONGDELISHIDIWEIHEMAOZEDONGSIXIANG,YOUSHISHIQIUSHIDIJIUZHENGMAOZEDONGWANNIANDECUOWU,JIUZHENG“WENHUADAGEMING”DECUOWULILUN、LUXIAN、FANGZHENHEZHENGCE。ZHEIZHONGSILUZAISHIJIANZHONGDEFAZHANQUXIANG,JIANGSHIYITIAOJIJICHENG“WENHUADAGEMING”QIAN17NIANZHONGBEISHIJIANZHENGMINGSHIZHENGQUEDELILUNYUANZE、FANGZHENZHENGCEHESHIJIANJINGYAN,YOUSHISHIQIUSHIDIZAISHIJIANZHONGBUDUANYANJIUXINQINGKUANG、JIEJUEXINWENTIDEXINLU。

                    LIANGZHONGSILUDEJIAOFENG,BUKEBIMIANDIZAIZHUDUOZHONGDAWENTISHANGBIAOXIANCHULAI。

                    FENSUI“SIRENBANG”HOUBUJIU,ZHEIZHONGJIAOFENGBIANTIXIANZAIPINGFANYUANJIACUOANWENTISHANG。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUDELICIZHENGZHIYUNDONGTEBIESHI“WENHUADAGEMING”ZAOCHENGLEDALIANGYUANJIACUOAN,ZHEIXIEWENTIBUJIEJUE,ANDINGTUANJIEDEZHENGZHIJUMIANBUKENENGCHUXIAN,YIXINYIYIGAOJINGJIJIANSHEYESHIBUXIANSHIDE。ERYAOJIEJUEZHEIXIEWENTI,DANGSHIZUIDADETUPOKOUSHIHUIFUDENGXIAOPINGDEGONGZUOHEWEI1976NIANTIANANMENSHIJIANPINGFAN。ZAIZHEILIANGDAWENTISHANG,JINGUANRENMINQUNZHONGYIGEZHONGFANGSHIBIAODATAMENDEYIYUAN,YIPILAOYIBEIGEMINGJIAYEYIBUTONGFANGSHIYIZAIHUYU,DANHAISHIYUDAOLAIZI“LIANGGEFANSHI”DEZULI。1977NIAN7YUE,ZHONGGONGSHIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIHUIFULEDENGXIAOPINGDELINGDAOZHIWU,DANSHI,TIANANMENSHIJIANBINGMEIYOUDEDAOPINGFAN,XUDUOYUANJIACUOANYEHAIMEIYOUDEDAOGONGZHENGDEJIEJUE。

                    ZAIDENGXIAOPINGDELINGDAOHETUIDONGXIA,“WENHUADAGEMING”DEZHONGZAIQU——JIAOYU、KEJI、WENYIZHANXIANLVXIANKAISHIBOLUANFANZHENGBINGQUDEFEIFANCHENGJI,DANZAI“LIANGGEFANSHI”DEJINGUXIA,BOLUANFANZHENGBULVWEIJIAN。

                    BOLUANFANZHENGYIJINGQIBU,DANZHONGGUOXIANGHECHUQUDEWENTIBINGMEIYOUCONGGENBENSHANGMINGQUE。“LIANGGEFANSHI”CHENGWEIYIZHONGXINDESIXIANGJINGU,WEIBOLUANFANZHENGSHEZHILEZHONGZHONGZHANGAI。YANJUNDEXIANSHIBIAOMING,ZHENGZHI、JINGJI、WENHUACENGMIANDEZHENGLUN,SHIZHISHANGGENYUANYUJIANCHI“LIANGGEFANSHI”ZHIDAOFANGZHENHAISHIJIANCHISHISHIQIUSHISIXIANGLUXIANDEWENTI。YINCI,ZHENGZHI、JINGJI、WENHUACENGMIANDEZHENGLUNBUKEBIMIANDIYAOSHANGSHENGDAOSIXIANGLUXIANCENGMIAN。

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                    HAIZAI“LIANGGEFANSHI”GANGGANGCHULONGDE1977NIAN2YUE,SHANGWEIHUIFUGONGZUODEDENGXIAOPINGJIUMINRUIDIJUECHADAOQICUOWUDESHIZHIHEWEIHAI。TAZAITONGWANGZHENTANHUASHI,DUI“LIANGGEFANSHI”TICHUYIYI,RENWEIZHEIBUSHIMAKESIZHUYI,BUSHIMAOZEDONGSIXIANG。4YUE10RI,TAZHIXINHUAGUOFENG、YEJIANYINGHEZHONGGONGZHONGYANG,ZHICHU:“WOMENBIXUSHISHIDAIDAIDIYONGZHUNQUEDEWANZHENGDEMAOZEDONGSIXIANGLAIZHIDAOWOMENQUANDANG、QUANJUNHEQUANGUORENMIN”。5YUE24RI,TAZAITONGWANGZHEN、DENGLIQUNTANHUASHISHUO:“ANZHAO‘LIANGGEFANSHI’,JIUSHUOBUTONGWEIWOPINGFANDEWENTI,YESHUOBUTONGKENDINGYIJIUQILIUNIANGUANGDAQUNZHONGZAITIANANMENGUANGCHANGDEHUODONG‘HEHUQINGLI’DEWENTI。BAMAOZEDONGTONGZHIZAIZHEIGEWENTISHANGJIANGDEYIDAOLINGWAIDEWENTISHANG,ZAIZHEIGEDIDIANJIANGDEYIDAOLINGWAIDEDIDIAN,ZAIZHEIGESHIJIANJIANGDEYIDAOLINGWAIDESHIJIAN,ZAIZHEIGETIAOJIANXIAJIANGDEYIDAOLINGWAIDETIAOJIANXIA,ZHEIYANGZUO,BUXINGMA!”

                    WEILEFANDUI“LIANGGEFANSHI”,DENGXIAOPINGTICHULE“ZHUNQUEDEWANZHENGDEMAOZEDONGSIXIANG”DEGAINIAN。YUCITONGSHI,TADALITICHANGSHISHIQIUSHI,ZUOWEIFANDUI“LIANGGEFANSHI”DESIXIANGWUQI。7YUE21RI,TAZAIZHONGGONGSHIJIESANZHONGQUANHUISHANGJIANGHUASHIZHICHU:“WOSHUOYAOYONGZHUNQUEDEWANZHENGDEMAOZEDONGSIXIANGZUOZHIDAODEYISISHI,YAODUIMAOZEDONGSIXIANGYOUYIGEWANZHENGDEZHUNQUEDERENSHI,YAOSHANYUXUEXI、ZHANGWOHEYUNYONGMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDETIXILAIZHIDAOWOMENGEXIANGGONGZUO。ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,CAIBUZHIYUGELIE、WAIQUMAOZEDONGSIXIANG,SUNHAIMAOZEDONGSIXIANG。”ZAI8YUEZHAOKAIDEZHONGGONGSHIYIDASHANG,TAMINGQUEQIANGDIAOYAOHUIFUSHISHIQIUSHIDEYOULIANGCHUANTONGHEZUOFENG。

                    ZAIDENGXIAOPINGDEYINGXIANGHETUIDONGXIA,YIXIELAOYIBEIGEMINGJIAFENFENFABIAOWENZHANG,PIPING“LIANGGEFANSHI”。ZAIZHEIZHONGBEIJINGXIA,YICHANGSIXIANGJIEFANGYUNDONGBUKEBIMIANDIJIUYAODAOLAILE。

                    DIERJIEDUAN,DENGXIAOPINGYIMINRUIDEZHENGZHIYANGUANG,KANDAOGUANYUZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNDEZHONGDAYIYI。TAZAIDUOZHONGCHANGHEPIPING“LIANGGEFANSHI”,BINGJIYUJIANCHISHIJIANBIAOZHUNDETONGZHIYIMINGQUEERYOULIDEZHICHI,TUIDONGLESIXIANGJIEFANGYUNDONGDESHENRU。

                    DENGXIAOPINGQIANGDIAOYONGZHUNQUEDEWANZHENGDEMAOZEDONGSIXIANGZHIDAOGONGZUO,QIANGDIAOSHISHIQIUSHI,SHIJISHANGTICHUDESHIYIGEZHONGDADEZHENGZHIYUANZEWENTI,JIRUHEKANDAIMAOZEDONGSIXIANG。ZAIDENGXIAOPINGDEHUYUHETUIDONGXIA,RENMENKAISHISIKAO:PANDUANZHENLIDEBIAOZHUNSHISHENME?BANSUIZHEBOLUANFANZHENGDELISHIJINCHENG,YIXIELAOYIBEIGEMINGJIAHELILUNGONGZUOZHEDERENSHIRIYIJIEJINWENTIDEHEXIN,TICHULERUHERENSHILILUNYUSHIJIANDEGUANXIWENTI,YEJIUSHIRUHERENSHIPANDUANZHENLIDEBIAOZHUNWENTI。ZHEIZHONGWENTIDETICHU,SHIZHISHANGSHIYAOQIUPAOKAIZUAISHEHUIJINBUDEJIANGHUA、BAOSHOUGUANNIAN,YISHIJIANZUOWEIJIANYANZHENLIDEBIAOZHUN,SHISHIQIUSHIDIPINGJIAGUOQUDEYIQIE,SHISHIQIUSHIDITANSUOXINDEDAOLU。ZHEIZHONGYAOQIUZHONGYUTONGGUO1978NIAN5YUE《SHIJIANSHIJIANYANZHENLIDEWEIYIBIAOZHUN》YIWENDEFABIAO,YIJIYOUCIYINFAGUANYUZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDETAOLUNERBENGFACHULAI。

                    《SHIJIANSHIJIANYANZHENLIDEWEIYIBIAOZHUN》YIWENSHIJISHANGPIPANLE“LIANGGEFANSHI”DEGUANDIAN,JINERSHEJISHENGXINGDUONIANDESIXIANGJIANGHUAHEGERENCHONGBAI。TAQIEZHONG“LIANGGEFANSHI”DEYAOHAI,LIJIYINLAIJIANCHI“LIANGGEFANSHI”DERENDEZENAN、PIPINGHEYAZHI。

                    ZAIZHEIGUANJIANSHIKE,DENGXIAOPINGBIAOMINGLETAIDU。5YUE30RI,TAZAITONGHUQIAOMUDENGRENTANZHUNBEIZAIQUANJUNZHENGZHIGONGZUOHUIYISHANGJIANGHUADENEIRONGSHI,JIANRUIDIZHICHU:“ZHIYAONIJIANGHUAHEMAOZHUXIJIANGDEBUYIYANG,HEHUAZHUXIJIANGDEBUYIYANG,JIUBUXING。MAOZHUXIMEIYOUJIANGDE,HUAZHUXIMEIYOUJIANGDE,NIJIANGLE,YEBUXING。ZENMEYANGCAIXINGNI?ZHAOCHAOMAOZHUXIJIANGDE,ZHAOCHAOHUAZHUXIJIANGDE,QUANBUZHAOCHAOCAIXING。ZHEIBUSHIYIGEGULIDEXIANXIANG,ZHEISHIDANGQIANYIZHONGSICHAODEFANYING。”“GUIGENDAODI,ZHEISHISHEJISHENMESHIMAKESILIENINGZHUYI,SHENMESHIMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEWENTI。MAOZEDONGSIXIANGZUIGENBENDEZUIZHONGYAODEDONGXIJIUSHISHISHIQIUSHI。XIANZAIFASHENGLEYIGEWENTI,LIANSHIJIANSHIJIANYANZHENLIDEBIAOZHUNDOUCHENGLEWENTI,JIANZHISHIMOMINGQIMIAO!”6YUE2RI,TAZAIQUANJUNZHENGZHIGONGZUOHUIYISHANGDEJIANGHUAZHONGZHICHU:“YOUYIXIETONGZHITIANTIANJIANGMAOZEDONGSIXIANG,QUEWANGWANGWANGJI、PAOQISHENZHIFANDUIMAOZEDONGTONGZHIDESHISHIQIUSHI、YIQIECONGSHIJICHUFA、LILUNYUSHIJIANXIANGJIEHEDEZHEIYANGYIGEMAKESIZHUYIDEGENBENGUANDIAN,GENBENFANGFA。”“TAMENDEGUANDIAN,SHIZHISHANGSHIZHUZHANGZHIYAOZHAOCHAOMAKESI、LIENING、MAOZEDONGTONGZHIDEYUANHUA,ZHAOCHAOZHAOZHUANZHAOBANJIUXINGLE。YAOBURAN,JIUSHUOZHEISHIWEIFANLEMALIEZHUYI、MAOZEDONGSIXIANG,WEIFANLEZHONGYANGJINGSHEN。”

                    CIHOU,DENGXIAOPINGDUOCIZHAORENTANHUA,MINGQUEBIAOSHIKENDINGHEZHICHIZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDETAOLUN,JIXUPIPING“LIANGGEFANSHI”。7YUE21RI,TAZAITONGZHONGYANGXUANCHUANBUBUZHANGZHANGPINGHUATANHUASHIGAOJIESHUO:BUYAOZAIXIAJINLING、SHEJINQULE,BUYAOZAIBAGANGGANGKAISHIDESHENGDONGHUOPODEZHENGZHIJUMIANXIANGHOULA。7YUE22RI,TAZAITONGHUYAOBANGTANHUASHIZHICHU:《SHIJIANSHIJIANYANZHENLIDEWEIYIBIAOZHUN》ZHEIPIANWENZHANGSHIMAKESIZHUYIDE。ZHENGLUNBUKEBIMIAN,ZHENGDEHAO。YINQIZHENGLUNDEGENYUANJIUSHI“LIANGGEFANSHI”。8YUE19RI,TAZAITINGQUWENHUABUFUZERENHUANGZHEN、LIUFUZHIHUIBAOHOUSHUO:《SHIJIANSHIJIANYANZHENLIDEWEIYIBIAOZHUN》ZHEIPIANWENZHANGSHIMAKESIZHUYIDE,SHIBOBUDAODE,WOSHITONGYIZHEIPIANWENZHANGDEGUANDIANDE,DANYOURENFANDUI,SHUOSHIFANMAOZHUXIDE,MAOZIKEDALA。YAORANGRENSHUOHUA,XIANZAIGANGGANGJIANGLEYIXIA,JIUSHUOSHIZHENDUIMAOZHUXIDE,NEIZENMEXINGNI?

                    9YUE,DENGXIAOPINGCHUFANGCHAOXIANHUIGUOHOU,DAODONGBEISANSHENGSHICHA。9YUE16RI,TAZAIZHANGCHUNTINGQUZHONGGONGJILINSHENGWEIFUZERENWANGENMAODENGRENHUIBAOHOUFABIAOJIANGHUA,ZHICHU:“XIANZAIBAIZAIWOMENMIANQIANDEWENTI,GUANJIANHAISHISHISHIQIUSHI、LILUNYUSHIJIXIANGJIEHE、YIQIECONGSHIJICHUFA。ZHEISHIZHENGZHIWENTI,SHISIXIANGWENTI,YESHIWOMENSHIXIANSIGEXIANDAIHUADEXIANSHIWENTI。”TAZAICIPIPING“LIANGGEFANSHI”,CHANMINGZENYANGGAOJUMAOZEDONGSIXIANGQIZHIZHEIGEDAWENTI,ZHICHU:“DAJIAZHIDAO,YOUYIZHONGYILUN,JIAOZUO‘LIANGGEFANSHI’,BUSHIHENCHUMINGMA?FANSHIMAOZEDONGTONGZHIQUANYUEDEWENJIANDOUBUNENGDONG,FANSHIMAOZEDONGTONGZHIZUOGUODE、SHUOGUODEDOUBUNENGDONG。ZHEISHIBUSHIJIAOGAOJUMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEQIZHINI?BUSHI!ZHEIYANGGAOXIAQU,YAOSUNHAIMAOZEDONGSIXIANG。MAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEJIBENDIANJIUSHISHISHIQIUSHI,JIUSHIBAMALIEZHUYIDEPUBIANYUANLITONGZHONGGUOGEMINGDEJUTISHIJIANXIANGJIEHE。”9YUE17RI,TAZAITINGQUZHONGGONGLIAONINGSHENGWEIFUZERENCENGSHAOSHANDENGRENHUIBAOHOU,ZAICIQIANGDIAOJIANCHISHISHIQIUSHIDEWENTI,ZHICHU:“BUHUIFUMAOZHUXISHULIDESHISHIQIUSHIDEYOULIANGCHUANTONGHEZUOFENG,SIGEXIANDAIHUAMEIYOUXIWANG。WOMENYAOGENJUXIANZAIDEGUOJIGUONEITIAOJIAN,GANYUSIKAOWENTI,TICHUWENTI,JIEJUEWENTI。QIANWANBUYAOGAO‘JINQU’。‘JINQU’DEHAICHUSHISHIRENMENSIXIANGJIANGHUA,BUGANGENJUZIJIDETIAOJIANKAOLVWENTI。”

                    ZAIDENGXIAOPINGJIANJUEERYOULIDEZHICHIXIA,ZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTICHENGWEIQUANDANGQUANGUORENMINSUOGUANZHUDEZHONGDAZHENGZHIWENTI,ZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNCHENGWEIYICHANGQUANGUOGUIMODESIXIANGJIEFANGYUNDONG。BUJINLILUNJIEJIJICANJIAZHEICHANGTAOLUN,ERQIEZHONGYANGDANG、ZHENG、JUNGEBUMEN,QUANGUOJUEDADUOSHUSHENG、SHI、ZIZHIQUHEGEDAJUNQUDEDANGWEIDOUDUIZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIJINXINGLETAOLUN,ZHUYAOFUZERENTONGGUOFABIAOTANHUA、JIANGHUAHUOZHUANXIEWENZHANG,BIAOSHIDUISHIJIANSHIJIANYANZHENLIDEWEIYIBIAOZHUNDEZHICHI,BINGLIANXIBENDIQU、BENBUMENDESHIJI,GAODUPINGJIAZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNDEZHONGDAXIANSHIYIYI。ZHEICHANGDATAOLUNBUJINCHONGPOLE“LIANGGEFANSHI”DEJINGU,TUIDONGLEGETIAOZHANXIANBOLUANFANZHENGDEKAIZHAN,ERQIEWEISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIDEZHAOKAIHELISHIZHUANZHEDESHIXIANZUOLEZHONGYAODESIXIANGZHUNBEI。

                    DAOZHEISHI,JIANCHI“LIANGGEFANSHI”DERENYISHISIMIANCHUGE,YICHANGSIXIANGJIEFANGYUNDONGZHONGCHENGLIAOYUANZHISHI,RANER,ZHEICHANGDATAOLUNHAIMEIYOUWANJIE。

                    DISANJIEDUAN,DENGXIAOPINGMIQIEGUANZHUZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYINEIWAIGUANYUZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNDEQINGKUANG,JISHIFABIAOJIANGHUA,CHANMINGJIEFANGSIXIANG、SHISHIQIUSHIDEZHONGDAYIYI,WEISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIZHONGXINQUELIMAKESIZHUYIDESIXIANGLUXIANDIANDINGLEJICHU。

                    ZAIZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIDEYITIZHONG,MEIYOUGUANYUZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNDENEIRONG。DANZAIHUIYIKAISHIHOU,BUSHAOYUHUIZHEZAIFAYANZHONGBIAOSHIKENDINGZHEICHANGTAOLUN,BINGDUI“LIANGGEFANSHI”TICHULEPIPING。

                    11YUE25RIXIAWU,HUAGUOFENG、YEJIANYING、DENGXIAOPING、LIXIANNIAN、WANGDONGXINGTINGQUZHONGGONGBEIJINGSHIWEILINHUJIA、JIATINGSANHEGONGQINGTUANZHONGYANGHANYING、HUQILIHUIBAOTIANANMENSHIJIANPINGFANHOUDEQUNZHONGFANYING。HUIBAOHOU,ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEIFABIAOLETANHUA。DENGXIAOPINGSHUO:“WOMENYIDINGYAOGAOJUMAOZHUXIDEWEIDAQIZHI。MAOZHUXIDEQIZHISHIQUANDANGQUANJUNQUANGUOGEZURENMINTUANJIEDEQIZHI,YESHIGUOJIGONGCHANZHUYIYUNDONGDEQIZHI。”“XIANZAIBAOSHANGTAOLUNZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTI,TAOLUNDEHENHAO,SIXIANGHENHUOPO,BUNENGSHUONEIXIEWENZHANGSHIDUIZHEMAOZHUXIDE,NEIYANGRENJIAJIUBUHAOJIANGHUALE。”

                    DENGXIAOPINGDETANHUANEIRONGHENKUAIZAIHUISHANGCHUANKAI,CHANSHENGLEZHONGDAYINGXIANG。YOUXIEYUHUIZHERENWEIZHEISHIZHONGYANGDUIZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNDEYIGEZHENGSHIBIAOTAI。YIXIEJIANCHI“LIANGGEFANSHI”DEBUMENFUZERENRENWEIZAIYEDINGBUXIAQULE,ZHIHAOCHULAIBIAOMINGTAIDU。TAMENZAIFAYANZHONGRENGRANJIANCHI“LIANGGEFANSHI”,BINGWEIZIJIBIANHU。11YUE27RI,MAOZEDONGZHUXIZHUZUOBIANJICHUBANWEIYUANHUIBANGONGSHIDEYIWEITONGZHIFAYAN,BUZANCHENGBAZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNKANCHENGSHIZHENGZHIWENTI、LUXIANWENTI、GUANXIGUOJIAQIANTUMINGYUNDEWENTI,BUZANCHENGYIJIANZHUDUOZHONGBAOKANDE“LAIYIGESIXIANGJIEFANGYUNDONG”“FANDUIXIANDAIMIXIN”DENGKOUHAO。SHANGSHUFAYANZAIJIANBAOSHANGDENGCHUHOU,LIJIYINQIJUEDADUOSHUYUHUIZHEDEBUMAN。

                    CONG11YUE28RIKAISHI,WEIRAOZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTI,HUIYIJINXINGLERELIETAOLUN。ZAITAOLUNZHONG,DAJIAJINYIBUBAITUO“LIANGGEFANSHI”DESHUFU,ANZHAOSHISHIQIUSHIDEYUANZE,JIXUJIEFANGSIXIANG,PUBIANDITIGAOLEDUIZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNZHONGYAOYIYIDERENSHI。XUDUOYUHUIZHEZHICHU:CONGQIANYIDUANTAOLUNDEQINGKUANGKAN,TAYIBUSHIYIBANDESIXIANGRENSHIWENTI,ERSHIGUANXIDAORUHEZONGJIE“WENHUADAGEMING”DEJIAOXUN、ZONGJIELISHIJINGYANDEWENTI。RUBUJIEJUEZHEIGEWENTI,YONGSHENMEBIAOZHUNLAIPANDINGSIXIANGLILUNSHIFEI?ZENYANGDECHUZHENZHENGDEJINGYANJIAOXUN?SUOYIZHEIJISHILILUNWENTI,GENGSHIZHENGZHIWENTI。YUHUIZHEZHICHU:WOMENYAOBAWEIHUMAOZHUXIDEWEIXINHEJIEJUE“WENHUADAGEMING”DEYILIUWENTITONGYIQILAI,ZAIKENDINGMAOZHUXIWEIDAGONGJIDEQIANTIXIAQUCHULIYILIUWENTI。JIANCHIMAOZHUXICHANGDAODESHISHIQIUSHIYUANZE,ZHINENGZENGTIANMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEGUANGHUI。

                    YOUDEYUHUIZHEZHICHU:ZAIZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTISHANGDEFENQI,SHIZHISHILIANGZHONGZHIDAOSIXIANGDEFENQI。ZHEIZHONGFENQIXIANZAIYIJINGGONGKAIHUA、BIAOMIANHUALE,YIJINGBUNENGHUIBI。ZHEISHIDANGNEIDEYICHANGYANSUDEZHENGZHIDOUZHENG,DOUZHENGDEJIAODIANZAIYUSHIFOUNENGGOUJIEFANGSIXIANG、SHISHIQIUSHI。ZHEIGEWENTIBUJIEJUE,SHIFEIJIUGAOBUQING,GONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIYEWUFASHUNLIJINXING。YOUDETONGZHITICHU,XIWANGZHEICIHUIYINENGBAQUANDANGDESIXIANGTONGYIQILAI,YAOQIUZHONGYANGZHUYAOFUZETONGZHIDUIZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIMINGQUEBIAOTAI,YICHEDIJIEJUESIXIANGLUXIANWENTI。

                    ZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDEZHENGLUNZAIZHEICIHUIYISHANGZAIXIANBOLAN,SHUOMINGZAIXINDELISHISHIQIDAOLAIZHIJI,RENMENDESIXIANGRENSHISHANGWEITONGYI。ZAIZHEIGUANJIANSHIKE,DENGXIAOPINGZAICIBAWOFANGXIANG,ZAI12YUE13RIDEJIANGHUAZHONGGAODUPINGJIAZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDETAOLUN,BINGBAJIEFANGSIXIANGHESHISHIQIUSHITONGYIQILAI,SHENKECHANSHULEDANGDESIXIANGLUXIANWENTI。TAZHICHU:“JIEFANGSIXIANG,KAIDONGNAOJIN,SHISHIQIUSHI,TUANJIEYIZHIXIANGQIANKAN,SHOUXIANSHIJIEFANGSIXIANG。ZHIYOUSIXIANGJIEFANGLE,WOMENCAINENGZHENGQUEDIYIMALIEZHUYI、MAOZEDONGSIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,JIEJUEGUOQUYILIUDEWENTI,JIEJUEXINCHUXIANDEYIXILIEWENTI,ZHENGQUEDIGAIGETONGSHENGCHANLIXUNSUFAZHANBUXIANGSHIYINGDESHENGCHANGUANXIHESHANGCENGJIANZHU,GENJUWOGUODESHIJIQINGKUANG,QUEDINGSHIXIANSIGEXIANDAIHUADEJUTIDAOLU、FANGZHEN、FANGFAHECUOSHI。”“MUQIANJINXINGDEGUANYUSHIJIANSHIJIANYANZHENLIDEWEIYIBIAOZHUNWENTIDETAOLUN,SHIJISHANGYESHIYAOBUYAOJIEFANGSIXIANGDEZHENGLUN。DAJIARENWEIJINXINGZHEIGEZHENGLUNHENYOUBIYAO,YIYIHENDA。CONGZHENGLUNDEQINGKUANGLAIKAN,YUEKANYUEZHONGYAO。YIGEDANG,YIGEGUOJIA,YIGEMINZU,RUGUOYIQIECONGBENBENCHUFA,SIXIANGJIANGHUA,MIXINSHENGXING,NEITAJIUBUNENGQIANJIN,TADESHENGJIJIUTINGZHILE,JIUYAOWANGDANGWANGGUO……ZHIYOUJIEFANGSIXIANG,JIANCHISHISHIQIUSHI,YIQIECONGSHIJICHUFA,LILUNLIANXISHIJI,WOMENDESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHECAINENGSHUNLIJINXING,WOMENDANGDEMALIEZHUYI、MAOZEDONGSIXIANGDELILUNYECAINENGSHUNLIFAZHAN。CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGSHUO,GUANYUZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDEZHENGLUN,DEQUESHIGESIXIANGLUXIANWENTI,SHIGEZHENGZHIWENTI,SHIGEGUANXIDAODANGHEGUOJIADEQIANTUHEMINGYUNDEWENTI。”

                    DENGXIAOPINGDEJIANGHUABUJINDUIZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNDEZUIHOUJIEJUCHANSHENGLEJUEDINGXINGDEYINGXIANG,ERQIEWEISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIZHONGXINQUELIJIEFANGSIXIANG、SHISHIQIUSHIDESIXIANGLUXIANDIANDINGLEJICHU。GENJUDENGXIAOPINGDEJIANGHUAJINGSHEN,SHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIDUISIXIANGLUXIANWENTIZHANKAISHENRUTAOLUN,GAODUPINGJIALEGUANYUZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDETAOLUN,RENWEIZHEIDUIYUCUJINQUANDANGHEQUANGUORENMINJIEFANGSIXIANG,DUANZHENGSIXIANGLUXIAN,JUYOUSHENYUANDELISHIYIYI。QUANHUIPIPAN“LIANGGEFANSHI”DECUOWUFANGZHEN,QIANGDIAODANGZHONGYANGZAILILUNZHANXIANSHANGDECHONGGAORENWU,JIUSHILINGDAO、JIAOYUQUANDANGHEQUANGUORENMINLISHIDI、KEXUEDIRENSHIMAOZEDONGDEWEIDAGONGJI,WANZHENGDI、ZHUNQUEDIZHANGWOMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEKEXUETIXI,BAMALIEZHUYI、MAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEPUBIANYUANLITONGSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDEJUTISHIJIANJIEHEQILAI,BINGZAIXINDELISHITIAOJIANXIAJIAYIFAZHAN。

                    JINGUANHOULAIGEDIHAIGAOLEZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNDE“BUKE”,DANDAOZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIHESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUISHI,YIJINGZHENGQUEDIJIEJUEHEDUANZHENGLEDANGDESIXIANGLUXIANWENTI。ZHENGSHIYOUYUDUANZHENGLESIXIANGLUXIAN,QUANHUICAINENGJIEJUEYIXILIEZHONGDAWENTI,ZUOCHUYIXILIEZHONGDAJUECE,SHIXIANLELISHIZHUANZHE。ZHEIYIQIE,DOUSHIDENGXIAOPINGJIJIYINDAO、ZHICHIHETUIDONGDEJIEGUO。

                    二、确立会议主题

                    DENGXIAOPINGJISHITICHUBAQUANDANGGONGZUODEZHEZHONGDIANZHUANYIDAOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHESHANGLAI,BINGBEIQUEDINGWEIZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIDEZHUYAOYITI,WEISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUISHIXIANGENBENXINGDEZHUANZHE,DUANZHENGDANGDEZHENGZHILUXIAN,DIANDINGLEJICHU。

                    1956NIANZHONGGONGBADAZHENGQUEFENXISHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAOJIBENWANCHENGYIHOUGUONEIZHUYAOMAODUNDEBIANHUA,JUEDINGBADANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDAOJINGJIJIANSHESHANGLAI。DANCIHOUBUJIU,JIUGAIBIANLEZHEIYIZHENGQUEJUECE,ZOUSHANGLE“YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANG”DEQITU。“WENHUADAGEMING”JIESHUHOU,MIANDUIYANZHONGDEJINGJIKUNNAN,GUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGPOQIEXIWANGXUNSUFAZHANJINGJI,BAITUOPINQIONGLUOHOUDEZHUANGKUANG,TIGAOWUZHIWENHUASHENGHUOSHUIPING。SHISHIQIUSHIDIJIANG,ZAISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIZHIQIAN,ZAIJIAKUAIJINGJIJIANSHE、XUNSUBAGUOMINJINGJIGAOSHANGQUZHEIYIDIANSHANG,DANGNEIWAIBINGMEIYOUDUODADEZHENGYI。

                    ZHENGYIDEJIAODIANJIZHONGZAISHIYIJIEJIDOUZHENGHAISHIYIJINGJIJIANSHEWEIDANGDEGONGZUOZHONGXINWENTISHANG。YOUCIBIRANSHEJIRUHEKANDAI“YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANG”,RUHEKANDAIZAIZHEIGE“GANG”ZHIXIAFADONGDELICIZHENGZHIYUNDONGTEBIESHI“WENHUADAGEMING”,BINGYOUCISHEJIRUHEKANDAIMAOZEDONGWANNIANDECUOWU。YINWEIQUANDANGGONGZUOZHONGDIANXIANGJINGJIJIANSHEZHUANYI,YIWEIZHEDUI“YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANG”DEFOUDING,ER“YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANG”ZAIYIDINGYIYISHANGDAIBIAOLEMAOZEDONGWANNIANDE“ZUO”QINGCUOWULILUNYUSHIJIAN。LISHIFAZHANZHICIYIQINGCHUDIBIAOMING:RUGUOJINYOUBAGUOMINJINGJIGAOSHANGQUDEZHUGUANYUANWANG,ERBUNENGZHENZHENGSHIXIANDANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI,BUNENGZHENGQUEJIEJUEYUCIXIANGGUANDEYIXILIESHIFEIWENTI,JIUBUKENENGYIXINYIYIGAOJINGJIJIANSHE。

                    “WENHUADAGEMING”JIESHUHOU,JIEPI“SIRENBANG”CHENGWEIQUANDANGGONGZUODEZHONGXINRENWU。ZHONGYANGTICHU“ZHUAGANGZHIGUO”DE“GANG”,ZHIDEJIUSHIYIJIEPI“SIRENBANG”WEIGANG,ZHEIZAIDANGSHISHIBIYAODE。KESHI,SHENMESHIHOUKEYIJIESHUZHEIXIANGGONGZUO,CONGBIAOMIANKANSHUYUGONGZUOANPAIXINGZHIDEWENTI,DANSHIZHISHANGQUESHIDUIZHANGQIYILAIDANGDEZHIDAOSIXIANGSHANG“ZUO”QINGCUOWUDETIAOZHAN,SHIZAIZHONGDALILUNWENTIHEZHENGZHIWENTISHANGDEBOLUANFANZHENG。

                    DANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIANSHIXINGZHUANYI,SHIZUIGENBENDEBOLUANFANZHENG。DENGXIAOPINGCONG1957NIANYILAITEBIESHI“WENHUADAGEMING”ZHONGGAO“YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANG”、HUSHIFAZHANSHENGCHANLIDEJIAOXUNZHONG,CONGZHONGGUOSANGSHIFAZHANJIYU、YUSHIJIEFADAGUOJIAJIZHOUBIANGUOJIAHEDIQUJINGJIFAZHANSHUIPINGDECHAJUYUELAYUEDADEXIANSHIZHONG,CONGDUIGUOJIXINGSHIDUIWOYOULI、“ZHANZHENGKENENGYANHUANBAOFA”DEZHUNQUEPANDUANZHONG,QIANGLIEDIYISHIDAOJIZHONGJINGLIGAOJINGJIJIANSHE、GAIBIANPINQIONGLUOHOUMIANMAODEJINPOXINGHEKENENGXING,MINRUIDIGANJUEDAOSHIXINGGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIYISHIKEBURONGHUANDEDAWENTI。

                    DENGXIAOPINGCONGDUI“GANG”DESIKAORUSHOU,LVXIANTICHUYAOSHISHIDIJIESHUJIEPI“SIRENBANG”YUNDONG,SHIXINGGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI。ZAOZAI1977NIAN8YUE23RI,TAZAIZHONGGONGZHONGYANGJUNWEIZUOTANHUISHANGJIANGHUASHIJIUZHICHU:“MOUYIGESHIQIZONGYOUMOUYIGESHIQIDEGANG,MOUYIGEBUMENZONGYOUMOUYIGEBUMENDEGANG。JIUDANGQIANLAISHUO,JIEPI‘SIRENBANG’DEDOUZHENGSHIWOMENDEGANG,YIDINGYAOBAZHEICHANGDOUZHENGJINXINGDAODI,DANZONGYAOYOUYIGESHIJIANXIANZHI。”11YUE,DENGXIAOPINGZAIGUANGZHOUSHICHASHIMINGQUEZHICHU:WOMENYIJIEPILINBIAO、“SIRENBANG”WEIGANGKEYI。DANSHIHENKUAIYAOZHUAN,YAOJIESHU,YAOZHUANDAOJINGJIJIANSHESHANGLAI,ZAIBUNENGTI“YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANG”LE。1978NIAN3YUE10RI,TAZAIGUOWUYUANDIYICIQUANTIHUIYISHANGFAYANSHUO:XIANZAIDADEFANGZHEN、ZHENGCE,WOKANJIBENSHANGLICHULAILE。XIANZAIDEGUANJIANWENTI,JIUSHIYAOZHAZHASHISHIDIGAN。GANSHEHUIZHUYI,YAOYOUJUTITIXIAN,SHENGCHANYAOZHENZHENGFAZHANQILAI,XIANGYINGDIQUANGUORENMINDESHENGHUOSHUIPINGNENGGOUZHUBUTIGAO,ZHEICAINENGBIAOXIANSHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUDEYOUYUEXING。3YUE18RI,TAZAIQUANGUOKEXUEDAHUISHANGJIANGHUASHIGENGJIAMINGQUEDIZHICHU:“WOMENDEGUOJIAJINRULEXINDEFAZHANSHIQI,WOMENDANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIAN、GONGZUOZUOFENGDOUYINGGAIYOUXIANGYINGDEZHUANBIAN。”

                    DAO1978NIANXIABANNIAN,ZAIZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNKAISHIZHIHOU,YIYOUXUDUORENYISHIDAO:DANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIANYINGDANGYOUSUOBIANHUA。9YUEZHAOKAIDEQUANGUOJIHUAHUIYITICHU:CONGSHANGDAOXIADOUYAOBAZHUYILIZHUANDAOSHENGCHANDOUZHENGHEJISHUGEMINGSHANGLAI。JINGUANHAIBUNENGRENWEIZHEIZHIDEJIUSHIDANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI,DANSHUOMINGDANGSHIQUESHIZHUYIDAOLEZHEIGEWENTI。

                    ZHENZHENGCONGQUANDANGGONGZUODEZHIDAOSIXIANGSHANGTICHUZHONGDIANZHUANYIWENTI,SHIZAIDENGXIAOPING1978NIAN9YUEDEDONGBEIZHIXINGGUOCHENGZHONG。9YUE16RI,TAZAIZHANGCHUNSHUO:SHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUYOUYUEXINGDEGENBENBIAOXIAN,JIUSHINENGGOUYUNXUSHEHUISHENGCHANLIYIJIUSHEHUISUOMEIYOUDESUDUXUNSUFAZHAN,SHIRENMINBUDUANZENGZHANGDEWUZHIWENHUASHENGHUOXUYAONENGGOUZHUBUDEDAOMANZU。SHENGCHANLIFAZHANDESUDUBIZIBENZHUYIMAN,NEIJIUMEIYOUYOUYUEXING,ZHEISHIZUIDADEZHENGZHI,ZHEISHISHEHUIZHUYIHEZIBENZHUYISHEIZHANSHENGSHEIDEWENTI。9YUE17RI,TAZAISHENYANGSHUO:MAKESIZHUYIRENWEI,GUIGENDAODIYAOFAZHANSHENGCHANLI。WOMENTAIQIONGLE,TAILUOHOULE,LAOSHISHUODUIBUQIRENMIN。WOMENXIANZAIBIXUFAZHANSHENGCHANLI,GAISHANRENMINSHENGHUOTIAOJIAN。PILINBIAOYEHAO,PI“SIRENBANG”YEHAO,ZENYANGCAIJIAOGAOHAOLE,YAOYOUJITIAOBIAOZHUN。DUIGAOYUNDONG,NIMENKEYIYANJIU,SHENMEJIAODI?YONGYUANMEIYOUCHEDIDESHI。YUNDONGBUNENGGAODESHIJIANGUOZHANG,GUOZHANGJIUYANJUANLE。BUTONGBUYANG,MEIYOUMUDE,GAOCHENGXINGSHIZHUYI,ZHEIYEBUXING。9YUE20RI,TAZAITIANJINTINGQU“JIEPICHA”YUNDONGDEHUIBAOSHISHUO:SHENYANGJUNQUCHUXIANZHEIMEYIZHONGQINGKUANG,YOUDEDANWEIMEIYOUSHENMEWENTI,YEGENYOUWENTIDEYIYANGGAO,GANBUJIUCHANSHENGYANFANQINGXU。NIMENKEYIKAOLVYIXIA,RUGUOYOU10%、20%DEDANWEIYUNDONGGAOHAOLE,JIUKEYIZHUANWEIGAOYEWU,GAOJIULEBUXING。ZHEISHIQUANGUOXINGDEWENTI。

                    SHANGSHUTANHUASHIJINJINWEIRAOSHISHIDIJIESHUJIEPI“SIRENBANG”YUNDONG、DALIFAZHANSHENGCHANLI、GAISHANRENMINDEWUZHIWENHUASHENGHUO、TIXIANSHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUDEYOUYUEXINGZHEIGEZHUTIZHANKAIDE。BASHEHUIZHUYIYOUYUEXINGDEGENBENBIAOXIANGUIJIEWEIGAOSUDUFAZHANSHEHUISHENGCHANLI,BAJINGJIJIANSHE、FAZHANSHENGCHANLISHUOCHENGSHI“ZUIDADEZHENGZHI”,XIANRANBUSHUYUGONGZUOANPAIXINGZHIDE“ZHUANYI”,ERSHISHUYUQUANDANGGONGZUOZHIDAOSIXIANGSHANGDE“ZHONGDIANZHUANYI”,SHIYAOCONGGENBENSHANGZHUANBIANDANGDEZHENGZHILUXIAN。JINGUANDENGXIAOPINGZHEISHIMEIYOUMINGQUESHIYONG“BADANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDAOJINGJIJIANSHESHANGLAI”ZHEIYANGDECIJU,DANGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDESIXIANGSHIQUEDINGWUYIDE。

                    DONGBEIZHIXINGYIHOU,DENGXIAOPINGJIXUZAIDUOZHONGCHANGHEQIANGDIAOYAOSHISHIDIJIESHUJIEPI“SIRENBANG”YUNDONG,SHIXINGGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI。10YUE11RI,TADAIBIAOZHONGGONGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANZAIZHONGGUOGONGHUIJIUDAKAIMUSHISHANGZHICI,ZHICHU:JIEPI“SIRENBANG”DEDOUZHENG“ZAIQUANGUOGUANGDAFANWEINEIYIJINGQUDEJUEDINGXINGDESHENGLI,WOMENYIJINGNENGGOUZAIZHEIYISHENGLIDEJICHUSHANGKAISHIXINDEZHANDOURENWU”。ZHEILISUOSHUODE“XINDEZHANDOURENWU”,SHIJISHANGJIUSHIZHIJINGJIJIANSHE,JIUSHIZHISIGEXIANDAIHUA。DENGXIAOPINGDEJIANGHUA,DIYICIZAIGONGKAICHANGHEZHENGSHIDUIJIEPI“SIRENBANG”YUNDONGDEXINGSHIZUOCHUZHENGQUEPANDUAN,JISHIDIXUANGAOZHUANXIANGXINRENWUJIJINGJIJIANSHEDESHIJIYIJINGCHENGSHU。

                    XIANYOUZILIAOSHUOMING,ZUICHIZAI1978NIAN10YUE,DENGXIAOPINGGUANYUDANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDECHANGYIYIDEDAOZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEIHEZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUDEZANTONG,BINGJUEDINGZAI11YUEZHAOKAIDEZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYISHANGZUOWEIZHUYAOYITIZHANKAITAOLUN。

                    ZHEICIZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIDEYUANDINGYITIYOUSANXIANG:YISHITAOLUNJINKUAIBANONGYESHENGCHANGAOSHANGQUDEWENTI;ERSHITAOLUN1979、1980LIANGNIANGUOMINJINGJIJIHUADEANPAI;SANSHITAOLUNLIXIANNIANZAIGUOWUYUANWUXUHUISHANGDEJIANGHUA。ZAI11YUE10RIDEKAIMUHUISHANG,HUAGUOFENGZAIXUANBUSANXIANGYUANDINGYITIZHIHOUSHUO:ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUJUEDING,ZAITAOLUNSHANGMIANZHEIXIEYITIZHIQIAN,XIANTAOLUNYIGEWENTI,ZHEIJIUSHI:YAOZAIXINSHIQIZONGLUXIANHEZONGRENWUDEZHIYINXIA,CONGMINGNIAN1YUEQI,BAQUANDANGGONGZUODEZHEZHONGDIANZHUANYIDAOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHESHANGLAI,DONGYUANQUANDANG、QUANJUNHEQUANGUOGEZURENMIN,TONGXINTONGDE,GUZUGANJING,QUANLIYIFU,WEIJIAKUAIWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEERFENDOU。ZHEISHIYIGEGUANXIQUANJUDEWENTI,SHIWOMENZHEICIHUIYIDEZHONGXINSIXIANG。

                    KAIMUHUIHOU,CONG11YUE11RIQI,GEZUKAISHITAOLUNDANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIWENTI。YUHUIZHEFENFENFAYAN,BIAOSHIYONGHUZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUDEZHEIYIJUECE,RENWEIDANGQIANQUANGUORENMINPOQIEYAOQIUJIASUSHIXIANSIGEXIANDAIHUA,GUOJIXINGSHIYEFEICHANGYOULI,ZHONGYANGJISHIDI、GUODUANDIJIESHUJIEPI“SIRENBANG”DEQUNZHONGYUNDONG,SHISHISHIDE、ZHENGQUEDE,YESHIWANQUANBIYAODE。

                    ZAITAOLUNZHONG,YUHUIZHEHUIGUBINGZONGJIELEXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAIZAIGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIWENTISHANGDEJINGYANJIAOXUN,CHANGTANLEDUIYUGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDEYIYIDERENSHI。ZHUYAODEGUANDIANSHI:ZHEISHIYIGEGENBENDEZHUANZHE,SHIYICHANGGENBENGAIBIANWOGUOJINGJIHEJISHULUOHOUMIANMAO,JINYIBUGONGGUWUCHANJIEJIZHUANZHENGDEWEIDAGEMING。ZHEICHANGGEMINGGUIMODEJUDA,BIANHUADEGUANGFAN、JILIE、SHENKE,RENWUDEFANZHONG、JINPO,YIYIDESHENYUAN,DOUBUXIAYUWOMENDANGGUOQULINGDAODERENHEGEMING,MOUXIEFANGMIANHAIYAOCHAOGUOGUOQUDEGEMING。ZHEICHANGGEMINGBUJINZAIJINGJISHANG、JISHUSHANGSHIWEIDADE、GUANGFANDE、JIANJUDE,ZAISIXIANGSHANGYEJIANGYOUJIQISHENKEDEBIANHUA,BINGQIEBIRANHUIFANYINGDAODANGNEILAI。ZAIDANGNEI,JIANGYOUZHENGQUERENSHIYUCUOWURENSHIDEDOUZHENG,XIANJINYULUOHOUDEDOUZHENG。WOMENYINGDANGRENQINGXINGSHI,JIEFANGSIXIANG,KEFUJIANGHUAGUANNIAN,ZHANZAIZHEICHANGWEIDAGEMINGDEQIANLIE。XUDUOYUHUIZHEJIEHEBENDIQU、BENBUMENDESHIJIQINGKUANG,CHANGTANLESHISHIGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDEDASUAN。

                    SHIXINGQUANDANGGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI,SHIJISHANGSHIDANGDEZHENGZHILUXIANDEGENBENZHUANBIAN。YAOSHIXIANZHEIGEZHUANBIAN,BIRANYAOSHEJIDANGDESIXIANGLUXIANHEZUZHILUXIANWENTI,SHEJIRUHESHUAIDIAOLISHIBAOFU、QINGZHUANGQIANJINDEWENTI。ZAITAOLUNGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYISHI,XUDUOYUHUIZHEZHUYIDAOHAICUNZAIDALIANGLISHIYILIUWENTIXUYAOJIEJUE,“WENHUADAGEMING”ZHONGTICHUDEXUDUOCUOWUGUANDIANHAIMEIYOUCHENGQING,XUDUOZHONGDAYUANJIACUOANHAIMEIYOUPINGFAN。YINCI,ZAITAOLUNZHONG,XUDUOYUHUIZHEWEIRAOGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI,TICHUYAOBA“JIEPICHA”YUNDONGDEYILIUWENTIJIEJUEHAO,JIXUPINGFANYUANJIACUOAN,GAOQINGCHU“WENHUADAGEMING”ZHONGDEYIXIEDASHIDAFEIWENTI,HENHAODIZONGJIE“WENHUADAGEMING”DEJIAOXUN,BAGAIJIEJUEDEWENTIJIEJUEHAO。TONGSHI,YUHUIZHEJIUQUANMIANBOLUANFANZHENG、SHIXINGGAIGEKAIFANGYIJIDUANZHENGSIXIANGLUXIANHEZUZHILUXIANDENGYIXILIEZHONGDAWENTIJINXINGLESHENRUTAOLUN,TICHULEJIANYI。

                    ZAIZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYICHONGFENTAOLUNDEJICHUSHANG,SHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIJUEDINGSHIYINGGUONEIWAIXINGSHIDEFAZHAN,JISHIDI、GUODUANDIJUEDINGJIESHUQUANGUOFANWEIDEDAGUIMODEJIEPILINBIAO、“SIRENBANG”DEQUNZHONGYUNDONG,CONG1979NIANQI,BAQUANDANGGONGZUODEZHEZHONGDIANHEQUANGUORENMINDEZHUYILIZHUANYIDAOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHESHANGLAI。WEIRAOGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIWENTI,QUANHUIXIANGYINGDIZUOCHULEYIXILIEZHONGDAJUECE。CONGYISHANGXUSHUKEYIKANCHU,ZHENGSHIYOUYUDENGXIAOPINGTICHUQUANDANGGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDEZHONGDACHANGYI,CAISHIDEYUANXIANZHITAOLUNJINGJIGONGZUODEZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIZENGJIALEZHEIXIANGYITI。ZHENGSHIZHEIXIANGYITIDEZENGJIA,YINFALEYIXILIEDASHIDAFEIWENTIDETAOLUN,CONGERGAIBIANLEHUIYIDEZHUTI,SHISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIKAICHENGLEJUYOUWEIDAZHUANZHEYIYIDEHUIYI。

                    三、倡导改革开放

                    DENGXIAOPINGSHUNYINGSHIDAICHAOLIU,DALICHANGDAOSHIXINGGAIGEKAIFANG,WEISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIZUOCHUGAIGEKAIFANGDEZHONGDAJUECEDIANDINGLEJICHU。

                    20SHIJI70NIANDAIMO,SHIJIEXUDUOFADAGUOJIAZAICIDIAOZHENGCHANYEJIEGOU。NENGFOUZHUAZHUZHEIGEJIYU,JIAKUAIZHONGGUODEJINGJIJIANSHE,CHENGWEIZHONGGUORENMINMIANLINDEXINDELISHIXINGJUEZE。

                    MIANDUIZHEIZHONGJUEZE,DENGXIAOPINGHUIFUGONGZUOHOU,NULIPAICHUZHANGQIYILAI“ZUO”QINGCUOWUDEYINGXIANG,JIJITUIDONGDAKAIGUOMEN,BAZHONGGUOYUSHIJIELIANXIQILAI。TASHENTILIXING,DUOCIZOUCHUGUOMEN,GANSHOUSHIJIEJINGJIFAZHANDEMAIDONG。JIN1978NIAN,TAJIUXIANHOUSICICHUFANG,DAOGUOQIGEGUOJIA。TONGGUOCHUFANG,ZAIJIASHENDUIGUOJIXINGSHILEJIEDETONGSHI,DENGXIAOPINGQIANGLIEDIGANSHOUDAOZHONGGUOTONGFADAGUOJIAZHIJIANZHENGZAILADADECHAJU,QINGCHUDIKANDAOFADAGUOJIASUOMIANLINDEJINGJIKUNNANYIJIYOUCIWEIZHONGGUODAILAIDEFAZHANJIYU。

                    ZHONGYANGLINGDAOZAICIFANGYANKANSHIJIE,CUSHIDUIWAIZHENGCEFASHENGJIJIBIANHUA,ZHONGGUOKAISHIYOUYISHIDIJIAQIANGTONGWAIGUODEJINGJIJIAOLIUYUHEZUO,XUXINXUEXIXIANJINJISHUHEGUANLIJINGYAN,SHIXINGDUIWAIKAIFANGDESILURIYIMINGQUE。

                    ZHEIZHONGDUIWAIKAIFANGDESILU,LAIYUANYUDUIGUOJIXINGSHIDEFUHESHIJIDEPANDUAN。DENGXIAOPINGCONGGUOJIXINGSHIFAZHANBIANHUADEQINGKUANGCHUFA,DUISHIJIEGEZHONGLILIANGJINXINGRENZHENFENXI,JINERDUIGUOJIXINGSHIJIQIFAZHANQUXIANGZUOCHULEJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYIDEXINPANDUAN。1977NIAN12YUE,TAGENJUDUIMEISUSHUANGFANGLILIANGDELENGJINGGUANCHAHESHENRUFENXI,TICHULESHIJIEZHANZHENGKEYITUICHIHEWOMENKEYIZHENGQUGENGDUOYIDIANSHIJIANDEPANDUAN。TAZHICHU:“SULIANDEQUANQIUZHANLVEBUSHUHAIMEIYOUZHUNBEIHAO。MEIGUOZAIDONGNANYASHIBAIHOU,QUANQIUZHANLVEMUQIANSHIFANGSHOUDE,DASHIJIEDAZHANYEMEIYOUZHUNBEIHAO。SUOYI,KEYIZHENGQUYANHUANZHANZHENGDEBAOFA。”“WOMENNENGGOUZHENGQUBIJIAOZHANGYIDIANSHIJIANBUDAZHANG”。ZHEIZHONGKANFA,TONG“WENHUADAGEMING”QIJIANTUCHUQIANGDIAOZHANZHENGWEIXIANPOZAIMEIJIEDEKANFAXIANGBI,YOUZHEHENDADEBIANHUA。

                    MIANDUIYOULIDEGUOJIHUANJING,DENGXIAOPINGZAIGEZHONGCHANGHEQIANGDIAOZHONGGUOYUANYIZAIHEPINGGONGCHUWUXIANGYUANZEDEJICHUSHANGTONGGEGUOFAZHANYOUHAOHEZUOGUANXI,YOUYISHIDIBIAODAZHONGGUODUIWAIKAIFANGDEJUEXINHEXINXIN。1978NIAN2YUE16RI,TAZAIHUIJIANMEIGUOMINZHUDANGCANYIYUANHENGLI·JIEKEXUNSHIZHICHU:WOMENYUANYIYINJINSHIJIESHANGXIANJINDEJISHUHEJINGYAN。WOMENBUZHIPAIRENDAOMEIGUOQUKAOCHA,YEPAIRENDAOQITAFADAGUOJIAKAOCHA。ZHEIFANGMIAN,YUANYITONGWOMENHEZUODEGUOJIABUSHAO。3YUE18RI,TAZAIQUANGUOKEXUEDAHUISHANGMINGQUEZHICHU:“DULIZIZHUBUSHIBIGUANZISHOU,ZILIGENGSHENGBUSHIMANGMUPAIWAI。”“RENHEYIGEMINZU、YIGEGUOJIA,DOUXUYAOXUEXIBIEDEMINZU、BIEDEGUOJIADEZHANGCHU,XUEXIRENJIADEXIANJINKEXUEJISHU。”CIHOU,DENGXIAOPINGDUOCIQIANGDIAO:WOMENYAOZILIGENGSHENG,FENFATUQIANGLAIJIANSHEZIJIDEGUOJIA,TONGSHIYEYAOXUEXIHEJIEJIANWAIGUODEGUANLIJINGYAN,YINJINXIANJINDEKEXUEJISHU。DUIYUXIANGWAIGUOXUEXI,DENGXIAOPINGYOUYIGEZHONGYAODESILU,ZHEIJIUSHI:BASHIJIESHANGNENGWEIWOSUOYONGDEZUIXIANJINDEJISHUHEJINGYANNALAI,JINGGUOXIAOHUAXISHOU,SHIZHONGGUODEJINGJIJIANSHEHEKEXUEJISHUNENGGOUZAIYIGEGAOQIDIAN、GAOSHUIPINGSHANGFAZHAN。

                    DUIWAIKAIFANGGURANXUYAOLIANGHAODEGUOJIHUANJING,DANGUONEIWENTIJIEJUEBUHAO,DUIWAIKAIFANGYEFAHUIBUCHUYINGYOUDEXIAOGUO。DENGXIAOPINGDUICIYOUZHEQINGXINGDERENSHI,JIYULEGAODUDEGUANZHU。1978NIAN2YUE1RI,TAZAICHENGDOUSHUO:YOUXIEWENTISHIGONGTONGDE。NONGCUNHECHENGSHIDOUYOUGEZHENGCEWENTI。WOZAIGUANGDONGTINGSHUO,YOUXIEDIFANGYANGSANZHIYAZIJIUSHISHEHUIZHUYI,YANGWUZHIYAZIJIUSHIZIBENZHUYI,GUAIDEHEN!NONGMINYIDIANHUIXUANYUDIMEIYOU,ZENMENENGXING?NONGCUNZHENGCE、CHENGSHIZHENGCE,ZHONGYANGYAOQINGLI,GEDIYEYAOQINGLIYIXIA,LINGSUIDIJIEJUEBUXING,YAOTONGYIKAOLV。ZIJIFANWEINEINENGJIEJUEDE,XIANJIEJUEYIXIE,ZONGYAOJIDIFANGYIXIEJIDONG。3YUE10RI,TAZAIGUOWUYUANDIYICIQUANTIHUIYISHANGZHICHU:WOMENCUNZAIDEPUBIANWENTISHIBUHUIGUANLI。WOMENYAOXUEHUIGUANLI,SHANYUZUZHIWOMENDEGONGYE。GUANLIHAOHUAI,XIAOGUODABUYIYANG。GEXINGGEYEDOUCUNZAIZHEIYANGDEWENTI。

                    ZAIDENGXIAOPINGKANLAI,CHENGSHIZHENGCE、NONGCUNZHENGCEHEJINGJIGUANLIDENGFANGMIANDOUCUNZAIWENTI。YAOJIEJUEZHEIXIEWENTI,JIUXUYAOGAIGE。4YUE19RI,TAZAIZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUHUIYISHANGSHUO:MUQIANDESHIJISHIYOULIDE。FENSUI“SIRENBANG”YIHOU,SIXIANGJIEFANGLE,KEYINAZIBENZHUYIGUOJIAXINGZHIYOUXIAODEBANFAWEIWOMENSUOYONG。YAOXIANGYIXIANG,XIANZAISIXIANGJIEFANGDEGOUBUGOU,DAODIHAIYOUSHENMEZHANGAI,KANKANSHANGCENGJIANZHU、SHENGCHANJISHUFANGMIANCUNZAISHENMEWENTI。YOUXIESHIQINGBUNENGZONGZAIBEIJINGZHUANQUANZI,YITUOJIUYILIANGNIAN,YAOJINKUAIYANJIUJIEJUE。

                    ZAIDENGXIAOPINGDECHANGDAOHETUIDONGXIA,ZHENGCEDEJIJIBIANHUAHENKUAIZHUANHUAWEIGONGZUOSHANGDEJUTIXINGDONG。ZHONGYANGPAICHUDALIANGDAIBIAOTUANHEKAOCHATUANCHUFANG。QIZHONGZUIZHONGYAODESHI1978NIAN5YUEZHI6YUEYIGUOWUYUANFUZONGLIGUMUWEITUANZHANGDEZHONGGUOZHENGFUDAIBIAOTUANFANGWENFAGUO、RUISHI、BILISHI、DANMAI、LIANBANGDEGUODENGXIOUWUGUO。LINXINGQIAN,DENGXIAOPINGYU4YUEDIZHAOGUMUDENGRENTANHUA,ZHISHIDAIBIAOTUANZAIFANGWENZHONGYAOGUANGFANJIECHU,XIANGXIDIAOCHA,KANKANRENJIADEXIANDAIGONGYEFAZHANDAOSHENMESHUIPINGLE,YEKANKANTAMENDEJINGJIGONGZUOSHIZENMEGUANDE。ZIBENZHUYIGUOJIAXIANJINDEJINGYAN、HAODEJINGYAN,WOMENYINGDANGBATAXUEHUILAI。

                    CONG5YUE2RIDAO6YUE6RI,KAOCHACHIXULEYIGEDUOYUE。DAIBIAOTUANHUIDAOBEIJINGHOU,YU6YUEXIAXUNXIANGZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUZUOLEHUIBAO,BINGXIANGZHONGYANGJIANYI:CHONGFENLIYONGMUQIANDEYOULITIAOJIAN,JINKENENGDIXISHOUWAIGUOZIJIN,DALIANGYINJINGUOWAIXIANJINJISHUSHEBEI,JIAKUAIWOGUOXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDESUDU。

                    GEGEDAIBIAOTUANKAOCHADECHENGGUOYINQIDENGXIAOPINGDESIKAO。6YUE23RI,TAZAIHUIJIANJIJIANGLIRENDELUOMANIYAZHUHUADASHIGEFULILIESIKUSHISHUO:WOMENPAILEXUDUODAIBIAOTUANDAOOUZHOUHERIBENQUKAOCHA,FAXIANWOMENKEYILIYONGDEDONGXIHENDUO,XUDUOGUOJIADOUYUANYIXIANGWOMENTIGONGZIJINHEJISHU,TIAOJIANYEBUKEKE,CONGZHENGZHI、JINGJIJIAODUDUIWOMENDOUYOULI,WEISHENMEBUGANNI?GUOJITIAOJIANYOULI,GUONEITIAOJIANYEYOULI,ZHIYAOXIAJUEXINGAN,JIUKEYIJIAKUAIJIANSHESUDU。10YUE10RI,DENGXIAOPINGZAIHUIJIANYIGEAOERGE·NEIGEWEIERWEITUANZHANGDEDEYIZHILIANBANGGONGHEGUOXINWENDAIBIAOTUANSHIZHICHU:WOMENPAILEBUSHAORENCHUQUKANKAN,SHIGENGDUODERENZHIDAOSHIJIESHISHENMEMIANMAO。GUANQIMENLAI,GUBUZIFENG,YELANGZIDA,SHIFADABUQILAIDE。YAOSHIXIANSIGEXIANDAIHUA,JIUYAO.SHANYUXUEXI,DALIANGQUDEGUOJISHANGDEBANGZHU。YAOYINJINGUOJISHANGDEXIANJINJISHU、XIANJINZHUANGBEI,ZUOWEIWOMENFAZHANDEQIDIAN。

                    ZAIDENGXIAOPINGDEJIJITUIDONGXIA,RUHEJIEJIANGUOWAIJINGJIFAZHANDEJINGYAN,YINJIN、XISHOUGUOWAIXIANJINDEGUANLIJINGYANHEJISHU,SHIXINGJINGJIGUANLITIZHIGAIGE,YIJIAKUAIJINGJIJIANSHEDESUDU,RIYICHENGWEIZHONGYANGLINGDAOCENGGUANZHUDEZHONGDAWENTI。1978NIAN7YUEZHI9YUE,GUOWUYUANZHAOKAIWUXUHUI。9YUE,YOUZHAOKAIQUANGUOJIHUAHUIYI。QIZHONG,GUOWUYUANWUXUHUIDEZHUTISHIYANJIURUHEJIAKUAISIGEXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDESUDU。HUIYITICHULEYOUGUANGAIGEJINGJIGUANLITIZHI、JIJIYINJINGUOWAIXIANJINJISHUSHEBEI、CHONGFENLIYONGWAIGUOZIJINDESHEXIANG。QUANGUOJIHUAHUIYIZEGENGJIAMINGQUEDITICHUJINGJIGONGZUOYAOSHIXING“SANGEZHUANBIAN”:YISHICONGSHANGDAOXIADOUYAOBAZHUYILIZHUANDAOSHENGCHANDOUZHENGHEJISHUGEMINGSHANGLAI;ERSHICONGNEIZHONGBUJIJINGJIXIAOGUO、BUJIANGGONGZUOXIAOLVDEGUANLIAOZHUYIDEGUANLIZHIDUHEGUANLIFANGFA,ZHUANDAOANZHAOJINGJIGUILVBANSHI,BAMINZHUHEJIZHONGHENHAODIJIEHEQILAIDEKEXUEGUANLIGUIDAOSHANGLAI;SANSHICONGNEIZHONGBUTONGZIBENZHUYIGUOJIAJINXINGJINGJIJISHUJIAOLIUDEBIGUANZISHOUHUOBANBIGUANZISHOUZHUANGTAI,ZHUANDAOJIJIDIYINJINGUOWAIXIANJINJISHU,LIYONGGUOWAIZIJIN,DADANDIJINRUGUOJISHICHANGDEKAIFANGZHUANGTAISHANGLAI。ZHEILIANGCIHUIYIDUIYUXINGCHENGGAIGEKAIFANGDEFANGZHENJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

                    9YUE,ZAIDONGBEISANSHENGHETIANJINSHICHAQIJIAN,DENGXIAOPINGTANHUADEZHONGDIANYIBUJINSHIYAOBUYAOGAIGEKAIFANGDEWENTI,RUHESHIXINGGAIGEKAIFANGDESILUZAITADENAOHAIZHONGZHUJIANQINGXIQILAI。

                    GUANYUDUIWAIKAIFANG,DENGXIAOPINGZHEZHONGQIANGDIAO:BUJINYAOYINJINXIANJINDEJISHUHESHEBEI,ERQIEYAOXUEXIXIANJINDEGUANLIJINGYAN。9YUE16RI,TAZAIZHANGCHUNTINGQUZHENGZAIJIANSHEZHONGDEHUOLINHEMEIKUANGYAOYINJINLIANBANGDEGUOJISHUDEHUIBAOSHIZHICHU:YAOYINJINRENJIADEJISHU,JIUYAOXUEXIRENJIADEGUANLIFANGFA,WANQUANANTADEGUANLIFANGSHISHENGCHAN。DUIZHEIYANGDEQIYE,BUYAOGAOGAILIANGZHUYI,YAOCHEDIGEMING。SUOYOUDEYINJIN,BIXUJIANCHIZHEIYIDIAN,FOUZEJIUMEIYOUZIGEYINJIN,WOMENJIUYONGYUANLUOHOU。9YUE18RI,TAZAIANSHANSHUO:SHIJIEZAIFAZHAN,WOMENBUZAIJISHUSHANGQIANJIN,BUYAOSHUOCHAOGUO,GANDOUGANBUSHANGQU,NEICAIZHENZHENGSHIPAXINGZHUYI。WOMENYAOYISHIJIEXIANJINDEKEXUEJISHUCHENGGUOZUOWEIWOMENFAZHANDEQIDIAN,WOMENYAOYOUZHEIGEXIONGXINZHUANGZHI。YINJINXIANJINJISHUSHEBEIHOU,YIDINGYAOANZHAOGUOJIXIANJINDEGUANLIFANGFA、XIANJINDEJINGYINGFANGFA、XIANJINDEDINGELAIGUANLI,YEJIUSHIANZHAOJINGJIGUILVGUANLIJINGJI。YIJUHUA,JIUSHIYAOGEMING,BUYAOGAILIANG,BUYAOXIUXIUBUBU。

                    GUANYUGAIGE,DENGXIAOPINGQIANGDIAO:BUJINYAOGAIGEQIYEGUANLITIZHI,KUODAQIYEHEJICENGDEQUANLI,RANGYIBUFENRENXIANFUQILAI,ERQIEYAOGAIGEBAOKUOZHENGZHITIZHIZAINEIDESUOYOUBUHELIDETIZHI。9YUE15RI,TAZAIHAERBINSHUO:CONGZONGDEZHUANGKUANGLAISHUO,WOMENGUOJIADETIZHI,BAOKUOJIGOUTIZHIDENG,JIBENSHANGSHICONGSULIANLAIDE,RENFUYUSHI,JIGOUZHONGDIE,GUANLIAOZHUYIFAZHAN。YOUHAODUOTIZHIWENTIYAOZHONGXINKAOLV。ZONGDESHUOLAI,WOMENDETIZHIBUSHIYINGXIANDAIHUA,SHANGCENGJIANZHUBUSHIYINGXINDEYAOQIU。GUOQUJIANGFAHUILIANGGEJIJIXING,WUFEIZHONGYANGHESHENGSHI,XIANZAIBUGOULE,XIANZAIYAOKUODADAOJICENGCHANGKUANG,YAOJIAQIANGJICENGQIYEDEQUANLI。9YUE16RI,TAZAIZHANGCHUNSHUO:WOMENXIANZAIYAOSHIXIANSIGEXIANDAIHUA,YOUHAODUOTIAOJIAN,MAOZEDONGTONGZHIZAISHIDESHIHOUMEIYOU,XIANZAIYOULE。ZHONGYANGRUGUOBUGENJUXIANZAIDETIAOJIANSIKAOWENTI,XIAJUEXIN,HENDUOWENTIJIUTIBUCHULAI,JIEJUEBULE。9YUE20RI,TAZAITIANJINSHUO:XIANZAIBUNENGGAOPINGJUNZHUYI。MAOZHUXIJIANGGUOXIANRANGYIBUFENRENFUYUQILAI。HAODEGUANLIRENYUANYEYINGGAIDAIYUGAOYIDIAN,BUHEGEDEYAOSHUAXIALAI,GULIDAJIAXIANGBANFA。

                    10YUE11RI,DENGXIAOPINGZAIZHONGGUOGONGHUIJIUDAKAIMUSHISHANGZHICISHI,MINGQUETICHULEGAIGEDEFANGZHEN。TAZHICHU:SHIXIANSIGEXIANDAIHUASHIYICHANGWEIDADEGEMING。“ZHEICHANGGEMINGJIYAODAFUDUDIGAIBIANMUQIANLUOHOUDESHENGCHANLI,JIUBIRANYAODUOFANGMIANDIGAIBIANSHENGCHANGUANXI,GAIBIANSHANGCENGJIANZHU,GAIBIANGONGNONGYEQIYEDEGUANLIFANGSHIHEGUOJIADUIGONGNONGYEQIYEDEGUANLIFANGSHI,SHIZHISHIYINGYUXIANDAIHUADAJINGJIDEXUYAO。WEILETIGAOJINGJIFAZHANSUDU,JIUBIXUDADAJIAQIANGQIYEDEZHUANYEHUA,DADATIGAOQUANTIZHIGONGDEJISHUSHUIPINGBINGQIERENZHENSHIXINGPEIXUNHEKAOHE,DADAJIAQIANGQIYEDEJINGJIHESUAN,DADATIGAOLAODONGSHENGCHANLVHEZIJINLIRUNLV。YINCI,GEGEJINGJIZHANXIANBUJINXUYAOJINXINGJISHUSHANGDEZHONGDAGAIGE,ERQIEXUYAOJINXINGZHIDUSHANG、ZUZHISHANGDEZHONGDAGAIGE。”

                    ZHONGYANGDUISHIXINGGAIGEKAIFANGDEYUNNIANG,TEBIESHIDENGXIAOPINGGUANYUGAIGEKAIFANGDESHEXIANG,DUI11YUEZHI12YUEZHAOKAIDEZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYICHANSHENGLEZHONGDAYINGXIANG。XUDUOYUHUIZHEJIEHESHIJI,FENXILEJINGJIGUANLITIZHIFANGMIANCUNZAIDEWENTI,FENXILEBIGUANZISHOUSUOZAOCHENGDEBIDUAN。XUDUOYUHUIZHEZANCHENGGAIGEJINGJIGUANLITIZHI,SHIXINGDUIWAIKAIFANG。BUSHAOYUHUIZHETIYI:YAOCHONGFENLIYONGYOULIDEGUOJIXINGSHI,JINKENENGDUODIXISHOUWAIGUOZIJIN,DALIANGYINJINXIANJINJISHUHESHEBEI,JIAKUAISIGEXIANDAIHUADEJIANSHESUDU。DUIYUGAIGEDENEIRONG,YUHUIZHEPUBIANRENWEI:ZHUYAOSHIGAIGECONGSULIANXUELAIDEHEZIJITUZAODENEIXIEYINGXIANGSHENGCHANLIFAZHANDEGUANLITIZHI。ZHEICIHUIYISHIHUIQIANGUANYUGAIGEKAIFANGDEYUNNIANGJINYIBUJUTIHUA,ZHENGSHIZUOCHUGAIGEKAIFANGJUECEDETIAOJIANYIJINGCHENGSHU。

                    ZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIQIJIAN,DENGXIAOPINGMIQIEGUANZHUHUIYITAOLUNDEQINGKUANG,JIXUTUIDONGGAIGEKAIFANGFANGZHENDEQUEDING。11YUE16RI,TASHOUDAOHUYAOBANGZHUANLAIDEBEIJINGDONGFENGWUXIANDIANYICHANGSICHEJIANDEYIWEIJISHUYUANDELAIXIN。LAIXINDUIGAIGEGONGCHANGQIYEGUANLIZHIDUTICHUYIXIEYIJIANHEJIANYI:YISHIJIEJUEHUIGUANLI、BUDANGJIADEMAODUN;ERSHIQIESHIBAGANGWEIZERENZHIJIANLIQILAI;SANSHIZHANGWOGUANLIDEGONGJU——TONGJI;SISHISHELIHENG—ZONGXIESHANGJIGOU;WUSHIFAHUIDANXIANGJIANGDEZUOYONGHEYOUTIAOJIANDISHIXINGGANGWEIJINTIE;LIUSHIJIAQIANGCHANPINSHEJIGUANLI。ZHEIFENGXINFANYINGDESHIYIZHONGLAIZIJICENGDEKEWANGGAIGEDEHUSHENG,TABIAOMINGGAIGEKAIFANGYICHENGWEICONGSHANGZHIXIADEGONGTONGYUANWANGHEPUBIANYAOQIU。DENGXIAOPINGYUEHOUZAILAIXINSHANGPISHI:“KEYINFAGONGZUOHUIYIGETONGZHIKANKAN。”

                    DENGXIAOPINGHAIMIQIEGUANZHUGUOJISHANGDUIZHONGGUOGAIGEKAIFANGDEKANFA,JISHICHANMINGZIJIDEGUANDIAN。11YUE26RI,TAHUIJIANZUOZUOMULIANGZUOLVLINGDERIBENMINSHEDANGDIERCIFANGHUATUAN,ZAITANDAOZILIGENGSHENGHEJIESHOUWAIYUANDEGUANXISHISHUO:MAOZHUXILILAIYOULIANGJUHUA,ZILIGENGSHENG,LIZHENGWAIYUAN。“SIRENBANG”BADIERJUHUADIUDIAOLE,ERQIESHUO,SHENMEDONGXIZHONGGUORENDOUNENGGAOCHULAI,XISHOUWAIGUODEDONGXIJIUSHICHONGYANGMEIWAI,SUOYI,BASHIQINGGAOZAOLE。DANSHI,RENMENMEIYOULIJIEWEISHENMEMAOZHUXIQIANGDIAOZILIGENGSHENG。WOMENZHANGQIYILAIMEIYOUTIAOJIANJIESHOUWAIGUODEYUANZHU。CONGJIANGUOYIHOUDAO1972NIANYIQIAN,YOUSHENMETIAOJIAN?NEISHINIRIBENJIGUOWOMENYUANZHUMA?MEIGUONENGJIWOMENMA?OUZHOUNENGJIWOMENMA?WOMENBUQIANGDIAOZILIGENGSHENGZENMEBAN?JIUSHINEISHI,MAOZHUXIYESHIJIANGLIANGJUHUA,BUSHIYIJUHUA。SUOYI,“SIRENBANG”BUFENSUI,WOMENJIUMEIYOUZHEIGETIAOJIAN,GUOJITIAOJIANYOULE,GUONEITIAOJIANMEIYOU。DUIZHEIGEWENTIYAOYOULISHIFENXI。XIANZAIWOMENDEFANGZHENSHI,JINLIANGXISHOUGUOJIXIANJINJINGYAN,YINJINZIJINHEJISHU,JIASUWOMENDEFAZHAN。ZHEIGEFANGZHENXIANZAICAINENGSHIXING,ZAIZHEIFANGMIANWOMENQUANDANGQUANMINSHIYIZHIDE。

                    12YUE13RI,DENGXIAOPINGZAIZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIBIMUHUISHANGDEJIANGHUAZHONG,SHENKEDICHANSHULEGAIGEKAIFANGDEWENTI。TAZHICHU:RUGUOXIANZAIZAIBUSHIXINGGAIGE,WOMENDEXIANDAIHUASHIYEHESHEHUIZHUYISHIYEJIUHUIBEIZANGSONG。XIANZAIWOGUODEJINGJIGUANLITIZHIQUANLIGUOYUJIZHONG,YINGGAIYOUJIHUADIDADANXIAFANG,FOUZEBULIYUCHONGFENFAHUIGUOJIA、DIFANG、QIYEHELAODONGZHEGERENSIGEFANGMIANDEJIJIXING,YEBULIYUSHIXINGXIANDAIHUADEJINGJIGUANLIHETIGAOLAODONGSHENGCHANLV。YINGGAIRANGDIFANGHEQIYE、SHENGCHANDUIYOUGENGDUODEJINGYINGGUANLIDEZIZHUQUAN。DANGQIANZUIPOQIEDESHIKUODACHANGKUANGQIYEHESHENGCHANDUIDEZIZHUQUAN,SHIMEIYIGEGONGCHANGHESHENGCHANDUINENGGOUQIANFANGBAIJIDIFAHUIZHUDONGCHUANGZAOJINGSHEN。TAQIANGDIAO:YAOYANJIUXINQINGKUANG,JIEJUEXINWENTI,YOUQIYAOZHUYIYANJIUHEJIEJUEGUANLIFANGFA、GUANLIZHIDU、JINGJIZHENGCEZHEISANFANGMIANDEWENTI。ZAIGUANLIFANGFASHANG,YAOTEBIEZHUYIKEFUGUANLIAOZHUYI。YAOXUEHUIYONGJINGJIFANGFAGUANLIJINGJI。ZIJIBUDONGJIUYAOXIANGDONGXINGDERENXUEXI,XIANGWAIGUODEXIANJINGUANLIFANGFAXUEXI。ZAIGUANLIZHIDUSHANG,YAOTEBIEZHUYIJIAQIANGZERENZHI。ZAIJINGJIZHENGCESHANG,YAOYUNXUYIBUFENDIQU、YIBUFENQIYE、YIBUFENGONGRENNONGMIN,YOUYUXINQINNULICHENGJIDAERSHOURUXIANDUOYIXIE,SHENGHUOXIANHAOQILAI,YINGXIANGZUOLINYOUSHE,DAIDONGQITADIQU、QITADANWEIDERENMENXIANGTAMENXUEXI,SHIZHENGGEGUOMINJINGJIBUDUANDIBOLANGSHIDIXIANGQIANFAZHAN,SHIQUANGUOGEZURENMINDOUNENGBIJIAOKUAIDIFUYUQILAI。ZHEISHIYIGENENGGOUYINGXIANGHEDAIDONGZHENGGEGUOMINJINGJIDEDAZHENGCE。

                    JINGUANZAIZHEISHI,GAIGEKAIFANGDESHEXIANGHAIZHISHIYIGELIANGHAODEKAIDUAN,SHIJIANSHANGYEGANGGANGJIANNANDIQIBU,DANANZHAODENGXIAOPINGSUOSHEJIDESILUZOUXIAQU,ZHONGGUOBIJIANGZOUSHANGQUANMIANGAIGEKAIFANGZHILU,GAIGEKAIFANGYICHENGWEIBUKEZUDANGDESHIDAICHAOLIU。SHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIRENWEI:SHIXIANSIGEXIANDAIHUA,YAOQIUDAFUDUDITIGAOSHENGCHANLI,YEJIUBIRANYAOQIUDUOFANGMIANDIGAIBIANTONGSHENGCHANLIFAZHANBUSHIYINGDESHENGCHANGUANXIHESHANGCENGJIANZHU,GAIBIANYIQIEBUSHIYINGDEGUANLIFANGSHI、HUODONGFANGSHIHESIXIANGFANGSHI,YINERSHIYICHANGGUANGFAN、SHENKEDEGEMING。ZHENGSHIZAIZHEIYANGDERENSHIJICHUSHANG,QUANHUIZHENGSHIZUOCHULESHIXINGGAIGEKAIFANGDEZHONGDAJUECE。

                    四、确定指导方针

                    DENGXIAOPINGGENJUZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIQIJIANCHUXIANDEXINQINGKUANG,JISHITICHUYAOJIEFANGSIXIANG,KAIDONGNAOJIN,SHISHIQIUSHI,TUANJIEYIZHIXIANGQIANKAN,WEISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIQUEDINGLEZHIDAOFANGZHEN。

                    JIEFANGSIXIANG,KAIDONGNAOJIN,SHISHIQIUSHI,TUANJIEYIZHIXIANGQIANKANZHEIGEZHONGYAODEZHIDAOFANGZHEN,JIZHONGTIXIANZAI1978NIAN12YUE13RIDENGXIAOPINGZAIZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIBIMUHUISHANGDEJIANGHUAZHONG。ZHEIPIANJIANGHUABUJINTONGZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIQUDEDECHENGGUOZHIJIEXIANGGUAN,ERQIEFANYINGLEZHEIYISHIQIDENGXIAOPINGDUIDANGHEGUOJIAQIANTUMINGYUNDEZHONGYAOSIKAO。

                    RUQIANSUOSHU,DENGXIAOPINGSHISHIXINGGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDECHANGYIZHE。YINCI,1978NIAN10YUETABUZHIQICAODEJIANGHUAGAO,SHIWEIRAOGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIWENTILAIZHANKAIDE。DANGNIANJIUSHIYUEJIAN,ZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDEZHENGLUNSUIRANSHANGWEIJIANFENXIAO,DANGEDIDANG、ZHENG、JUNLINGDAOJIGUANDEBIAOTAIYIJINGSHITIANPINGFASHENGLEQINGXIE。10YUE3RI,DENGXIAOPINGZAITONGHUQIAOMU、DENGLIQUN、YUGUANGYUANTANHUASHISHUO:ZHENLIBIAOZHUNDETAOLUNCHABUDUOLE。XIANZAIFADEWENZHANGBUSHAOLE,SHENGWEIXIEDEWENZHANGYEBUSHAOLE,WENTIBUSUANYIJINGJIEJUE,DANZHEIYANGDEWENTIHAIDEMANMANLAI,KEYIGAOYIDUANLUO。10YUE14RI,TAZAITONGJIEFANGJUNZONGZHENGZHIBUZHURENWEIGUOQINGTANHUASHISHUO:YEJIANYINGTIYIZHAOKAILILUNGONGZUOWUXUHUI,SUOXINGBAIKAILAIJIANG,MIANDEBEIHOUJIANG,ZHEIYANGHAO。YOUZHICHU:WOZAIDONGBEIDEJIANGHUA,KEYIZAIJIGUANSHAOSHUGANBUZHONGXIANJIANGYIJIANG。CONGZHEILIANGCITANHUAKEYIKANCHU,ZAIDENGXIAOPINGKANLAI,TONG“LIANGGEFANSHI”DEZHENGLUNXIANZAIBUNENGSUANYIJINGJIEJUE,YAOGAOQINGCHUSIXIANGLUXIANSHIFEI,ZHEIYIDIANJUEBUHANHU,KEYIZHAOKAILILUNWUXUHUI“BAIKAILAI”JIEJUE,YIBIANTONGYIRENSHI,DANBAOKANSHANGDAZHANGQIGUDEZHENGLUNYINGGAIGAOYIDUANLUO;DENGLILUNWUXUHUIKAIGUOYIHOU,ZAIYINFATASHICHADONGBEISHIDETANHUA,YINDAOQUANDANGBAZHUYILIZHUANDAOGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYISHANGLAI。SUOYI,DENGXIAOPINGYAOZAIZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYISHANGZHUYAOJIANGGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIWENTI,BIANSHIHENZIRANDESHIQINGLE。RANERSHIJIQINGKUANGSHI,LILUNWUXUHUIMEIYOUZHAOKAI,ERYAOXIANZHAOKAIZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYI。

                    11YUE14RI,DENGXIAOPINGCHUFANGTAIGUO、MALAIXIYA、XINJIAPOSANGUOFANHUIBEIJINGSHI,ZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIYIKAIMUWUTIAN。11YUE16RI,DENGXIAOPINGYUEHUQIAOMUTANZAIHUIYISHANGDEJIANGHUAGAODEXIUGAIWENTI。11YUE19RIWANCHENGDEXIUGAIGAO,ZHUYAOCHANSHULEGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDEYIYIHEZENYANGSHIXIANZHUANYI,QIZHONGTICHUYAOJIEFANGSIXIANG,DIAODONGYIQIEJIJIYINSU,GAIGEBUSHIYINGSHENGCHANLIXUYAODESHENGCHANGUANXIHESHANGCENGJIANZHU。

                    YOUYUDENGXIAOPINGDUIJIANGHUANEIRONGDEJIBENSHEXIANGFASHENGGAIBIAN,ZHEIFENJIANGHUAGAOMEIYOUBEICAIYONG。DENGXIAOPINGGENJUXINDESIKAO,YU11YUEDIQINBINICHUJIANGHUATIGANG。ZHEIGETIGANGDEZHUYAONEIRONGSHI:(YI)JIEFANGSIXIANG,KAIDONGJIQI;(ER)FAYANGMINZHU,JIAQIANGFAZHI;(SAN)XIANGHOUKANWEIDESHIXIANGQIANKAN;(SI)KEFUGUANLIAOZHUYI、RENFUYUSHI;(WU)YUNXUYIBUFENXIANHAOQILAI;(LIU)JIAQIANGZERENZHI,GAOJIDING;(QI)XINDEWENTI。12YUE2RI,DENGXIAOPINGYUEJIANHUYAOBANG、HUQIAOMU、YUGUANGYUAN,ANZHAOZHEIFENTIGANGTANLEJIANGHUAGAODEQICAOWENTI。XIANRAN,ZHEIFENJIANGHUAGAODEZHUYAONEIRONGYIBUSHIGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIWENTI,ERSHIZHUANDAOLEJIEFANGSIXIANG、SHISHIQIUSHI、TUANJIEYIZHIXIANGQIANKANWENTI,MINZHUWENTIHEJINGJIGUANLITIZHIWENTISHANG。

                    DENGXIAOPINGZHISUOYIYAOGAIBIANJIANGHUADEZHUTIHENEIRONG,SHIYOUZHEIDUANSHIJIANHUIYINEIWAICHUXIANDEXINQINGKUANGJUEDINGDE。

                    SHOUXIAN,YOUYUTAOLUNGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIWENTI,ZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYISHANGCHUXIANLEXINDEQINGKUANG。ZHUYAOJIZHONGZAISANGEFANGMIAN:

                    YISHIWEIRAOGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI,YUHUIZHETICHULEXUDUOXUYAOJIEJUEDELISHIYILIUWENTI。CONG11YUE11RIFENZUTAOLUNKAISHI,YUHUIZHEFENFENFAYANYONGHUGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI,DANRENWEIYINGJIEJUELISHISHANGDEDASHIDAFEIWENTI,RUGUOZHEIXIEWENTIBUJIEJUE,JIUHUIYINGXIANGANDINGTUANJIE,YINGXIANGDANGDEGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI。QIZHONG,11YUE12RICHENYUNZAIDONGBEIZUDEFAYANYINGXIANGZUIDA。TATICHULE“BOYIBODENGLIUSHIYIRENPANTUJITUAN”ANWENTI、TAOZHUWENTI、WANGHESHOUWENTI、PENGDEHUAIWENTIHETIANANMENSHIJIANDEPINGFANWENTI,BINGTIYIZHONGYANGZHUANANZUSUOGUANDESHUYUDANGNEIBUFENDEWENTIYINGYIJIAOZHONGZUBU,ZHONGYANGYINGDANGZAISHIDANGSHIHOUDUIKANGSHENGDECUOWUJIYIYINGYOUDEPIPING。CHENYUNTICHUDEJIGELISHIWENTI,DOUSHIDANGSHIDANGNEIWAIGUANZHUDEZHONGDAWENTI,GUIGENDAODIDOUSHEJIJIUZHENG“WENHUADAGEMING”JIQIYIQIANDE“ZUO”QINGCUOWUZHEIYIGENBENWENTI。TAFAYANHOU,GEZUFAYANDEZHONGDIANYEJIZHONGDAOJIEJUELISHIYILIUWENTI、PINGFANYUANJIACUOANSHANGLAI。JIHUYUCITONGSHI,JINGZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEIPIZHUN,11YUE15RI,《BEIJINGRIBAO》KANDENGZHONGGONGBEIJINGSHIWEICHANGWEIKUODAHUIYIDEXIAOXI,XUANBU1976NIANTIANANMENSHIJIANWANQUANSHIGEMINGXINGDONG,DUIYUYINTIANANMENSHIJIANSHOUDAOPOHAIDETONGZHIYAOYILVPINGFAN,HUIFUMINGYU。11YUE16RI,《RENMINRIBAO》《GUANGMINGRIBAO》DOUZAITOUBANTOUTIAODENGCHUXINHUASHEDEXINWENTONGGAO。YOUYUCHENYUNFAYANDEDAIDONG,RUJINYOUSHOUDAOWEITIANANMENSHIJIANPINGFANDEGUWU,YUHUIZHEZHENGXIANKONGHOUDIFAYAN,TICHULEXUDUOLISHIWENTI。GUINAQILAI,ZHUYAOJIZHONGZAISANGEFANGMIAN:YISHITICHUJIUZHENG“WENHUADAGEMING”ZHONGHE“WENHUADAGEMING”YIQIANDEYUANJIACUOANWENTI;ERSHIDUI“WENHUADAGEMING”TICHUZHIYI,YAOQIUZONGJIE“WENHUADAGEMING”DEJIAOXUN;SANSHIYAOQIUZHONGYANGDUIKANGSHENG、XIEFUZHIDECUOWUJINXINGSHENCHA。YOUDEYUHUIZHEYAOQIUZHONGYANGDUISHANGSHUWENTIBIAOTAI。

                    ZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYITAOLUNJIEJUELISHIYILIUWENTIDEQINGKUANG,YINQIZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUDEGAODUZHONGSHI。DENGXIAOPINGYU11YUE14RIHUIGUOHOU,ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEITAOLUNLEYUHUIZHETICHUDELISHIWENTI。11YUE25RI,ZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIJUXINGDISANCIQUANTIHUIYI。HUAGUOFENGDAIBIAOZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUXUANBUWEITIANANMENSHIJIAN、“ERYUENILIU”、“BOYIBODENGLIUSHIYIRENPANTUJITUAN”AN,YIJIPENGDEHUAI、TAOZHU、YANGSHANGKUNDENGTONGZHIPINGFAN,BINGJIU“WENHUADAGEMING”QIJIANZHONGYANGHEDIFANGYILIUXIALAIDEBIJIAOZHONGYAODERUOGANWENTIZUOLEDAFU。

                    SHANGSHUJUEDINGXUANBUHOU,YUHUIZHESHENSHOUGUWU,GENGJIACHANGSUOYUYAN,RENZHENKAIZHANPIPINGYUZIWOPIPING,ZHIMINGDAOXINGDIJINXINGZHENGLUN。YUHUIZHEZAIFAYANZHONGYOUTICHUYIXIELISHIYILIUWENTI、JIWEIZHONGYANGLINGDAOTONGZHIDECUOWUWENTI,YIJIDUIMAOZEDONGHEMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEPINGJIAWENTI。

                    ERSHIZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUNZAIZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYISHANGZAIXIANBOLAN。RUQIANSUOSHU,ZAI11YUE25RIYIHOU,ZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIZAICIYINQIHENDAZHENGLUN。JINGUANJUEDADUOSHUYUHUIZHEDUI“LIANGGEFANSHI”YIJIJIANCHI“LIANGGEFANSHI”GUANDIANDERENJINXINGLEYANSUPIPING,DANZHEICHANGZHENGLUNHAIMEIYOUCONGGENBENSHANGDEDAOJIEJUE。

                    SANSHIXUDUOYUHUIZHETICHUYAOJIEJUERENSHIWENTI。ZHEICIHUIYIDEYITIZHONGMEIYOURENSHIWENTI,DANSUIZHEYUHUIZHEDEZHUYILIJIZHONGDAOLISHIYILIUWENTIHEZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTI,LUXUJIEFACHUJIWEIZHONGYANGLINGDAORENHEBUMENFUZERENDECUOWU。ZHEIYANG,RENMENHENZIRANDILIANXIANGDAORENSHIDIAOZHENGDEWENTI。TEBIESHIZAI11YUE25RIDISANCIQUANTIHUIYIHOUDETAOLUNZHONG,XUDUOYUHUIZHEYUEFARENSHIDAOZHEISHIBIXUJIEJUEHAODEYIGEGUANJIANWENTI。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,YIXIEYUHUIZHEBAZHUYILIFANGZAIRENSHIDIAOZHENGWENTISHANG。

                    QICI,TIANANMENSHIJIANPINGFANHOU,SHEHUISHANGCHUXIANLEXINQINGKUANG。XINHUASHEBOFAZHONGGONGBEIJINGSHIWEIXUANBUWEITIANANMENSHIJIANPINGFANDEXIAOXIHOU,QUANGUOFANXIANGQIANGLIE。HUAGUOFENGDAIBIAOZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUXUANBUWEITIANANMENSHIJIANPINGFAN,GENGSHISHUNYINGMINXIN,DEDAOGUANGDAQUNZHONGDERELIEYONGHU。DANSHI,YECHUXIANLELINGWAIYIZHONGQINGKUANG。ZAIBEIJINGXIDANDENGDI,CHUXIANLEYIXIEDA、XIAOZIBAO,QIZHONGYOUDESHEJIDUIMAOZEDONGHEDUIMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEPINGJIA,YIJIDUIZHONGGUOZHENGZHITIZHIHEZHONGDALISHIWENTIDEYILUN。11YUE25RI,ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEITINGQUZHONGGONGBEIJINGSHIWEIHEGONGQINGTUANZHONGYANGFUZERENDEHUIBAO,DENGXIAOPINGTANLERUHEKANDAIQUNZHONGDEYILUN,YIJIRUHEPINGJIAMAOZEDONGHEMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEWENTIHOU,ZHEIGEFANGMIANDEWENTIBINGMEIYOUDEDAOJIEJUE。

                    ZAICI,GUOJISHANGDUIZHONGGUOGUONEIXINGSHIDEKANFACHUXIANLEXINDEQINGKUANG。ZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTITAOLUN、TIANANMENSHIJIANPINGFAN、ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZHAOKAIGONGZUOHUIYIDENGYIXILIEZHONGDASHIJIAN,YINQIGUOJISHEHUIDEGAODUGUANZHU。ZAIDENGXIAOPING11YUE26RIHUIJIANRIBENMINSHEDANGWEIYUANZHANGZUOZUOMULIANGZUO,27RIHUIJIANMEIGUOZHUANLANZUOJIALUOBOTE·NUOWAKE,28RIHUIJIANMEIGUOYOUHAORENSHISIDIER,29RIHUIJIANRIBENGONGMINGDANGWEIYUANZHANGZHURUYISHENGSHI,KERENMENDOUWENDAOGUANYUTIANANMENSHIJIANPINGFAN、RUHEPINGJIAMAOZEDONGHEMAOZEDONGSIXIANG、ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGNEIBUYOUWU“QUANLIDOUZHENG”HEGAOCENGSHIFOUHUICHUXIANRENSHIBIANDONGDENGWENTI。TAMENFEICHANGGUANXINZHONGGUOGUONEIJUSHISHIFOUNENGGOUBAOCHIWENDING,NENGFOUTONGZHONGGUOJINXINGJINGJI、JISHUJIAOLIUHEMAOYIWANGLAI。

                    SHANGSHUXINQINGKUANGBIAOMING,ZAILISHIZHUANZHEDEQIANYE,RENGYOUXUDUOSIXIANGRENSHIWENTIXUYAOCHENGQING,XUYAOYINDAO。LISHIYILIUWENTIGURANXUYAOSHISHIQIUSHIDIJIAYIJIEJUE,BURANBUNENGFANGXIABAOFU,QINGZHUANGQIANJIN。DANSHI,RUGUOJIUCHANXIAQU,SHIBIYINGXIANGGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYI,YINGXIANGXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEZHEIGEDAJU。ZHENGSHIZHEIXIEXINQINGKUANG,YINQIDENGXIAOPINGDEGAODUGUANZHU,YEYINQITAXINDESIKAO。YUSHI,YIGEXINDESILUZAITADENAOHAIZHONGZHUJIANMINGQUE,ZHEIJIUSHIJIEFANGSIXIANG,KAIDONGNAOJIN,SHISHIQIUSHI,MUDESHIWEILETUANJIEYIZHIXIANGQIANKAN。

                    11YUEXIAXUN,DENGXIAOPINGDUOCICHANFAZHEIYISIXIANG,YITONGYIQUANDANGDERENSHI。ZAI11YUE25RIHEBEIJINGSHIWEI、GONGQINGTUANZHONGYANGFUZERENDETANHUAZHONG,TAZHICHU:YOUXIELISHIWENTIYAOJIEJUE,BUJIEJUEJIUHUISHIHENDUORENBEIBAOFU,BUNENGQINGZHUANGQIANJIN。YOUXIELISHIWENTI,ZAIYIDINGDELISHISHIQINEIBUNENGMIANQIANGQUJIEJUE。YOUXIESHIJIANWOMENZHEIYIDAIRENJIEJUEBULEDE,RANGXIAYIDAIRENQUJIEJUE,SHIJIANYUEYUANYUEKANDEQINGCHU。YOUXIEWENTIKEYIJIANGQINGCHU,YOUXIEWENTIYIXIAZIBURONGYIJIANGQINGCHU,YINGYAOQUCHE,FENSANDANGHERENMINDEZHUYILI,BUFUHEDANGHERENMINDEGENBENLIYI。TAHAIZHICHU:XIANZAIZHONGYANGDELUXIAN,JIUSHIANDINGTUANJIE,WENDINGJUSHI,GAOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUA。GUOJISHANGYESHIFENZHUYIWOMENGUONEIJUSHISHIBUSHINENGGOUBAOCHIWENDING。YINJINXINJISHU,LIYONGWAIZI,NIWENDINGLE,RENJIACAIGANHENIDAJIAODAO。ANDINGTUANJIESHISHIXIANSIGEXIANDAIHUADEBIYAOZHENGZHITIAOJIAN,BUNENGPOHUAIANDINGTUANJIEDEJUMIAN。ZHEISHIZHONGYANGDEZHANLVEBUSHU,ZHEISHIDAJU。WOMENCHULIRENHEWENTI,DOUYAOCONGDAJUZHEYAN,XIAOJUFUCONGDAJU,XIAODAOLIFUCONGDADAOLI。BUGAOSHENMEXINYUNDONG,BUYAOTIZHONGYANGMEIYOUTIDESHENMEYUNDONG。YAOYINDAOQUNZHONGXIANGQIANKAN。

                    DUIYUZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYITICHUDERENSHIDIAOZHENGWENTI,DENGXIAOPINGYEBENZHETUANJIEYIZHIXIANGQIANKANDEJINGSHEN,JISHIJIYIMINGQUEDEYINDAO。11YUE27RI,ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEITINGQUGEZUZHAOJIRENHUIBAO。DENGXIAOPINGZAITANDAODUIZHONGYANGJIWEIYOUCUOWUDELINGDAORENRUHECHULIDEWENTISHIZHICHU:XIANZAIGUOJISHANGJIUKANWOMENYOUSHENMERENSHIBIANDONG,JIARENKEYI,JIANRENBUXING,GUANNIDUODAWENTIDOUBUDONG,YINGZHETOUPIYEBUDONG。ZHEISHIDAJU。HAODUOWAIGUORENYAOHEWOMENZUOSHENGYI,YEKANZHEIGEDAJU。ZAI12YUE1RIZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEIZHAOJIYOUBUFENDAJUNQUSILINGYUANHESHENGWEIDIYISHUJICANJIADEDAZHAOHUHUIYISHANG,TAZAICIZHICHU:ZHONGYANGDERENSHIWENTI,RENHERENDOUBUNENGXIA,ZHINENGSHANG。XIANYOUDEZHONGYANGWEIYUAN,YOUDEKEYIBULVXINGZHIQUAN,BUCANJIAHUIYIHUODONG,DANBUCHUMING,BUYAOJIRENYINXIANGSHIQUANLIDOUZHENG。DUI“WENHUADAGEMING”WENTI,XIANZAIYEYAOHUIBI。

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                    YOUSHANGSHUNEIRONGKEYIKANCHU,ZHEIDUANSHIJIANFASHENGDEXINQINGKUANG,DEQUEJIDENGXIAOPINGDAILAIXUDUOXINSIKAO。TADESILUYIBUZAITINGLIUZAIGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYISHANG,ERSHIYAOYINDAOQUANDANGQUANGUORENMINJIEFANGSIXIANG,KAIDONGNAOJIN,SHISHIQIUSHI,TUANJIEYIZHIXIANGQIANKAN,JINJINWEIRAOGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIHEXIANDAIHUAJIANSHE,BUDUANYANJIUXINQINGKUANG,JIEJUEXINWENTI。

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                    ZHENGRUXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHUDENEIYANG:DENGXIAOPING“WEIKAICHUANGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZUOCHULELISHIXINGGONGXIAN”,“YITADEYUANJIANZHUOSHI、FENGFUZHENGZHIJINGYAN、GAOCHAOLINGDAOYISHU,QIANGDIAOSHISHIQIUSHISHIMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEJINGSUI,QIZHIXIANMINGFANDUI‘LIANGGEFANSHI’DECUOWUGUANDIAN,ZHICHIHELINGDAOKAIZHANZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDETAOLUN,TUIDONGJINXINGGEFANGMIANDEBOLUANFANZHENG”。ZAITADEZHIDAOXIA,SHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUI“SHIXIANLEDANGDELISHISHANGJUYOUSHENYUANYIYIDEWEIDAZHUANZHE”。

                    邓小平的名字将同十一届三中全会一起名垂青史。(作者:中共中央党史和文献研究院院务委员会委员(副部长级),研究员 )

                    来源:《百年潮》2018年第12期

                    责任编辑:党史文献网

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